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MDG Indicators

Assessment of the indicators in terms of their applicability in the Philippines, availability, frequency of release, data source

 
 
Description Number
MDG Indicators 60
Available 30
Not available 19
Not applicable 11
 
 

In the Philippines, the assessment and compilation of MDG Indicators were done as part of the participation of the NSCB in the Workshop on Development Indicators held in Manila, Philippines in October 2001 and 2002 organized by the UNSD through the "United Nations Project on Strengthening Regional Capacities for Statistical Development in Southeast Asia."

In terms of relative data availability in support of Millennium Development Goals (MDG) the Philippines ranked first among the 11 countries in South-East Asia. Based on the 2003 report of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-ESCAP), the Philippines obtained a rating of 27.9% followed by Thailand with 25.2% and Indonesia with 24.6%.

Overall, the Philippines ranked fourth among all of Asia and the Pacific in terms of data availability for tracking progress towards the MDG in the region with Australia gathering 29.1%, Japan, 29.0%, and Republic of Korea, 28.7%. According to UN-ESCAP, the theoretical maximum is for a country to have 767 data values (59 series x 13 years) and a country is counted to have data available when data exist for one or more years. The Philippines, according to the ESCAP report, has a total of available 214 indicators. The MDG indicators and corresponding data series for the Philippines are being compiled by the NSCB and are available on the NSCB website at http://www.nscb.gov.ph/stats/mdg/.

The UN ESCAP report, Important Information: Data Availability for Tracking Progress Towards the Millennium Development Goals in Asia and the Pacific was published in December 2003 to give an overview of the national and global monitoring system, and the availability of national level indicators in the different countries in the region as of 31 October 2003. The monitoring system will provide UN-ESCAP critical information for policy purposes and for the strengthening of data collection capacities in ESCAP and associate UN member countries.

The assessment made on the availability and applicability of the MDG indicators in the Philippines showed that out of the 48 indicators, 29 could be obtained from the various government surveys and administrative records; 8 indicators are not available; and 11 are found not applicable in the Philippines. For some of the 8 indicators which are not available, there are international organizations such as the UNAIDS, WHO, World Bank, and International Telecommunications Unit (ITU) which have country estimates on these indicators.

The 11 indicators which are not applicable in the Philippines fall under Goal 8 – Develop a Global Partnership for Development. Some of these indicators are more relevant to least developed countries (LDCs), Africa, landlocked countries, small island developing States, and HIPs.

 

Data Availability in the Philippines

GOAL 1. ERADICATE EXTREME POVERTY AND HUNGER

Goal and Target Indicator for monitoring progress
(click an indicator to view tables)
Data available Source Level of disaggregation (as available in the database)
Target 1.

 

Halve, between 1990s and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day. 1.

Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day (For monitoring country poverty trends, indicators based on national poverty lines should be used, where available)

[view UN Technical Notes]

1991, 1994, 1997, 2000, 2003 and 2006 NSCB National, Regional, Provincial
2.

Poverty gap ratio (incidence x depth of poverty)

[view UN Technical Notes]

1991, 1994, 1997, 2000, 2003 and 2006 NSCB National, Regional, Provincial (starting 2000)
3.

Share of poorest quintile in national consumption

[view UN Technical Notes]

1991, 1994, 1997, 2000, 2003, and 2006 (computed using FIES results) NSCB National, Regional
Target 2.

 

Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger 4.

Prevalence of underweight children under 5 years of age

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1998, 2001, 2003 and 2008

FNRI National, Regional
5.

Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption

[view UN Technical Notes]

1993, 2003 and 2008 FNRI National, Regional

GOAL 2. ACHIEVE UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION

Goal and Target Indicator for monitoring progress Data available Source Level of disaggregation (as available in the database)
Target 3.

 

 

Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling 6.

Net enrolment ratio in primary education

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990 to 2008 DepEd National, Regional
7.

Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 6

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990 to 2008 DepEd National, Regional
8.

Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990 and 2000

1994 and 2003 (simple literacy)

CPH, NSO

FLEMMS, NSO

National, Regional

National, Regional

GOAL 3. PROMOTE GENDER EQUALITY AND EMPOWER WOMEN

Goal and Target Indicator for monitoring progress Data available Source Level of disaggregation (as available in the database)
Target 4.

 

 

 

Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005 and to all levels of education no later than 2015 9.

Ratio of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education

[view UN Technical Notes]

1993 to 2008 DepEd and CHED National
10.

Ratio of literate females to males of 15-24 year-olds

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990 and 2000

1994 and 2003 (simple literacy)

CPH, NSO

FLEMMS, NSO

National, Regional

National, Regional

11.

Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990 to 2008 NSO National, Regional
12.

Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament

[view UN Technical Notes]

1992, 1995, 1998, 2001, 2004 and 2007 Senate and House of Rep. National, Senate, House of Representative

GOAL 4. REDUCE CHILD MORTALITY

Goal and Target Indicator for monitoring progress Data available Source Level of disaggregation (as available in the database)
Target 5.

 

Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate 13.

Under-five mortality rate

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990 to 1995


1998, 2003 and 2008

TWG on Mortality

NSO

National, Regional

National, Regional

14.

Infant mortality rate

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990 to 1995


1998, 2003 and 2008

TWG on Mortality

NSO

National, Regional

National, Regional

15.

Proportion of 1 year-old children immunized against measles

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990 to 2007 DOH National, Regional

GOAL 5. IMPROVE MATERNAL HEALTH

Goal and Target Indicator for monitoring progress Data available Source Level of disaggregation (as available in the database)
Target 6.

 

Reduce by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio 16.

Maternal mortality ratio

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990 to 1995


1998, 2003 and 2008

TWG on Mortality

NSO

National, Regional

National, Regional

17.

Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990 to 2007 DOH National, Regional

GOAL 6. COMBAT HIV/AIDS, MALARIA AND OTHER DISEASES

Goal and Target Indicator for monitoring progress Data available Source Level of disaggregation (as available in the database)
Target 7. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS 18.

HIV prevalence among 15-24 year old pregnant women

[view UN Technical Notes]

not available (UNICEF has low and high estimates for women, 15-24)    
19.

Condom use rate of the contraceptive prevalence rate [Amongst contraceptive prevalence methods, only condoms are effective in preventing HIV transmission. The contraceptive prevalence rate is also useful in tracking progress in other health, gender and poverty goals. Because the condom rate use is only measured amongst women in union, it will be supplemented by an indicator on condom use in high risk situations. These indicators will be augmented with an indicator of knowledge and misconceptions regarding HIV/AIDS by 15-24 year olds (UNICEF-WHO)]

[view UN Technical Notes]

1993 and 2008

1995 to 2006

NDHS, NSO

FPS, NSO

National


National

20.

Number of children orphaned by HIV/AIDS (to be measured by the ratio or proportion of orphans to non-orphans aged 10-14 who are attending school)

[view UN Technical Notes]

not available (UNAIDS has estimates of cumulative number as of 2001)    
Target 8. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases 21.

Prevalence and death rates associated with malaria

[view UN Technical Notes]

Prevalence rate: 1990 to 2006

Death rate: 1990 to 2003

DOH




DOH

National, Regional



National, Regional

22.

Proportion of population in malaria risk areas using effective malaria prevention and treatment measures (Prevention to be measured by the % of under 5s sleeping under insecticide treated bednets; treatment to be measured by % of under 5s who are appropriately treated)

[view UN Technical Notes]

not available    
23.

Prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis

[view UN Technical Notes]

Prevalence rate: 1990 to 2006

Death rate: 1990 to 2003

DOH




DOH

National, Regional



National, Regional

24.

Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under directly observed treatment short course (DOTS)

[view UN Technical Notes]

2001 to 2006
(proportion of cured and detected TB cases)
DOH

National, Regional

GOAL 7. ENSURE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY

Goal and Target Indicator for monitoring progress Data available Source Level of disaggregation (as available in the database)
Target 9. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes to reverse the loss of environmental resources 25.

Proportion of land area covered by forest

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990 to 1997, 2003 DENR National, Regional
26.

Ratio of area protected to maintain biological diversity to surface area

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990 to 2004 DENR National, Regional
27.

Energy use (kg oil equivalent) per $1 GDP (PPP)

[view UN Technical Notes]

not available (World Bank estimates)    
28.

Carbon dioxide emissions (per capita) and consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs (ODP tons)

[view UN Technical Notes]

CO2 emission not available (UNFCCC-CDIAC) has estimates from 1990-1998); ozone-depleting (1990 to 2006)) EMB, DENR National
29.

Proportion of population using solid fuels

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990 and 2000 (Census of Population) NSO National, Regional
Target 10. Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water 30.

Proportion of population with sustainable access to improved water source, urban and rural

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990 and 2000


1999, 2002, 2004 and 2008

CPH, NSO


APIS, NSO

National, Regional, Provincial

National, Regional

Target 11.

 

By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers 31.

Proportion of urban population with access to improved sanitation

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990 and 2000

1999, 2002, 2004 and 2008

CPH, NSO

APIS, NSO

National, Regional, Provincial

National, Regional

32.

Proportion of households with access to secure tenure (owned or rented)

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990 and 2000 NSO  

GOAL 8. DEVELOP A GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP FOR DEVELOPMENT

Goal and Target Indicator for monitoring progress Data available Source Level of disaggregation (as available in the database)
Target 12.

 

 

 

Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system

 

Includes a commitment to good governance, development, and poverty reduction - both nationally and internationally

 

 


 

33.

Some of the indicators listed below are monitored separately for the least developed countries (LDCs), Africa, landlocked countries and small island developing States.

Official development assistance

Net ODA, total and to LDCs, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income

[view UN Technical Notes]

 

not applicable

    34.

Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social servcies (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)

[view UN Technical Notes]

not applicable
Target 13.

 

Address the special needs of the least developed countries

Includes: tariff and quota free access for least developed countries' exports; enhanced programme of debt relief for HIPC and cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous ODA for countries committed to poverty reduction

35.

Proportion of bilateral ODA of OECD/DAC donors that is untied

[view UN Technical Notes]

not applicable
36.

ODA received in landlocked countries as proportion of their GNIs

[view UN Technical Notes]

not applicable
37.

ODA received in small island developing States as proportion of their GNIs

[view UN Technical Notes]

not applicable
Target 14.

 

 

 

Address the special needs of landlocked countries and small island States

(Through the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and the outcome of the twenty-second special session of the General Assembly)

  Market access  
38.

Proportion of total developed country imports (by value and excluding arms) from developing countries and LDCs, admitted free of duties

[view UN Technical Notes]

not applicable
39.

Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products and textiles and clothing from developing countries

[view UN Technical Notes]

not applicable
40.

Agricultural support estimate for OECD countries as percentage of their GDP

[view UN Technical Notes]

not applicable
41.

Proportion of ODA provided to help build trade capacity  (OECD and WTO are collecting data that will be available from 2001 onwards)

[view UN Technical Notes]

not applicable
Target 15. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measues in order to make debt sustainable in the long term   Debt sustainability  
42.

Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)

[view UN Technical Notes]

not applicable
43.

Debt relief committed under HIPC initiative, US$

[view UN Technical Notes]

not applicable
44.

Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990 to 2008 BSP National
Target 16. In cooperation with developing countries, develop and implement strategies for decent and productive work for youth 45.

Unemployment rate of 15-24 year olds, each sex and total (an improved measure of the targets is under development by ILO for future years)

[view UN Technical Notes]

1990-2008 NSO National
Target 17. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable, essential drugs in developing countries 46.

Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis

[view UN Technical Notes]

not available (WHO has estimates for 1995 and 1997)
Target 18.

 

In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications

 

47.

Telephone lines and cellular subscribers per 100 population

[view UN Technical Notes]

Telephone lines: 1990 to 2009

Cellular subscribers : 1991 to 2009

NTC - DOTC

National, Regional

National

48.

Personal computers in use per 100 population and internet users per 100 population

[view UN Technical Notes]

not available (ITU has estimates for personal computers from 1990 to 2001 and for internet users from 1994 to 2001)    
ACRONYMS OF SOURCES
BSP Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (Central Bank of the Philippines)
CHED Commission on Higher Education
DENR Department of Environment and Natural Resources
DepEd Department of Education
DOH Deprtment of Health
DOTC Department of Transportation and Communications
FIES Family Income and Expenditures Survey
FMB Forest Management Bureau
FNRI Food and Nutrition Research Institute
FPS Family Planning Survey
NDHS National Demographic and Health Survey
NSCB National Statistical Coordination Board
NSO National Statistics Office

 

 

             
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