StatFocus

 

How Does the Philippines Fare in Trade in Goods

 

StatFocus

How Does the Philippines Fare in Trade in Goods
Within the ASEAN Region?


by Luzviminda S. Mitra and Polaris C. Bautista 1
(Posted 25 March 2014)


In its pursuit to hasten economic development and thereby narrow down the development gap among and within the Member States of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN),  the Heads of the ASEAN member countries bonded together and launched in 2000 the initiative for ASEAN integration with the end in view of establishing the ASEAN Community in 2020. The target year for the ASEAN integration was subsequently accelerated to 2015 in the face of growing competition from other regions and countries in Asia, particularly China and India.  The envisioned ASEAN Community will be composed of three integrated pillars namely the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC) and the ASEAN Political - Security Community (APSC) which are expected to work harmoniously towards a stable, prosperous, and highly competitive region with equitable economic development, and reduced poverty and socio-economic disparities.

The ASEAN member states includes the ASEAN 6 countries (Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand) and the CLMV countries (Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Vietnam).

The AEC hopes to establish a region with a single market and production base with a highly competitive and equitably developed economy fully integrated into the global economy.  The ASEAN single market and production base shall comprise free flow of goods, services, investments, capital and skilled labor. Meanwhile,  the ASCC is focused on nurturing the human, cultural and natural resources for sustained development in a harmonious and people-oriented ASEAN. On the other hand, the APSC shall aim to ensure that countries in the region live at peace with one another and with the world in a just, democratic and harmonious environment.

Status of the Philippine Trade in Goods

In the wake of globalization and recent developments in the global market, activities are now focused on the establishment of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC). With ASEAN remaining as the most trade-oriented among major regional cooperation within developing nations, how does the Philippines fare in terms of trade in goods vis-à-vis its neighboring ASEAN member states?

From 2010 to 2011, total ASEAN Trade increased by 19.4 percent, Philippines inched up by only 1.0 percent.

Total trade of ASEAN in 2011 stood at US$ 2,386.6 billion, 19.4 percent higher than the US$ 1,998.2 billion posted in 2010.  With only a 4.6 percent share to total trade, the Philippines’ trade level inched up by a meager 1.0 percent, from US$ 109.7 billion in 2010 to US$ 110.8 billion in 2011. Highest trade level in 2011 was recorded by Singapore at US$ 775.2 billion, seven times larger than the Philippines’ total trade figure (Table 1 and 2).

For the period 2000 to 2011, ASEAN member states accumulated a total trade level of US$ 16,119.5 billion which grew at an average annual growth rate of 11.0 percent. For the same period, Singapore traded the largest amount of goods worth US$ 5,533.1 billion or 34.3 percent of the total trade, followed by Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia with shares of 19.8 percent, 18.4 percent and 13.2 percent, respectively. Meanwhile, the Philippines and Vietnam trailed far behind with 6.6 percent and 5.8 percent shares, respectively.  Despite taking the smallest share of the pie at 0.6 percent, Myanmar nevertheless registered an average annual growth rate of 15.5 percent during the period while the Philippines posted the slowest growth rate at 3.9 percent (Table 1 and 2).

In 2011, Singapore posted the highest exports level in ASEAN region; Brunei Darussalam posted fastest growth

In 2011, the ASEAN region exported goods totaling US$ 1,237.7 billion posting a growth rate of 18.1 percent from its 2010 level of US$ 1,048.1 billion.  Among the 10 ASEAN member states, Singapore exported the highest value of goods worth US$ 409.4 billion while Lao PDR exported the least at US$ 1.7 billion (Table 3 and 4). 

From 2010 to 2011, Brunei Darussalam posted the fastest growth rate in terms of total exports at 40.8 percent, followed by Vietnam (34.2 percent) and Indonesia (29.0 percent). On the other hand, total exports of the Philippines declined by 6.6 percent (Table 3 and 4).

Taken collectively, ASEAN member states exported US$ 8,518.8 billion worth of goods from 2000 to 2011 at an average annual growth rate of 10.6 percent.  During the 11-year period, Myanmar recorded the fastest average annual growth rate of 19.1 percent while the Philippines only grew by 2.1 percent (Table 4).

For the period 2000 to 2011, Singapore had the lion’s share of the total ASEAN exports at 34.2 percent followed by Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia at 20.7 percent, 17.7 percent and 14.4 percent, respectively. Meanwhile, Myanmar and Cambodia were at the bottom of the list with 0.6 percent and 0.5 percent share, respectively (Table 3).

Singapore’s imports highest in ASEAN in 2011; Myanmar posted fastest growth in imports

The ASEAN region recorded imports valued at US$ 1,148.9 billion in 2011, up by 20.9 percent from its 2010 imports worth US$ 950.0 billion. Singapore was the biggest importer in 2011 with total imports worth US$ 365.7 billion while Lao PDR posted the lowest import level at US$ 2.2 billion (Table 5 and 6).

Myanmar’s imports jumped by 104.1 percent from 2010 to 2011, the fastest among the ASEAN member states. It is followed by Indonesia (30.8 percent) and Cambodia (27.6 percent). On the other hand, the Philippines posted the slowest growth in terms of imports at 7.7 percent (Table 6).

From 2000 to 2011, the 10 ASEAN member states collectively imported goods worth US$ 7,600.7 billion with Singapore accounting for the largest with 34.5 percent of total imports. Brunei Darussalam, meanwhile, had the lowest imports at US$ 22.3 billion or a share of 0.3 percent (Table 5).

Total intra-ASEAN trade in goods grew by 6.5 percent from 2010 to 2011

Intra-ASEAN trade grew by 6.5 percent from US$ 548.4 billion in 2010 to US$ 584.3 billion in 2011.

Among the ASEAN member states, Brunei Darussalam grew the fastest in terms of intra-ASEAN trade from US$ 2.3 billion in 2010 to US$ 3.3 billion in 2011 at 40.8 percent. This is followed by Myanmar at 39.1 percent and Vietnam at 28.2 percent. Meanwhile, Philippines declined by 15.7 percent from US$ 27.8 billion in 2010 to US$ 23.5 billion in 2011 (Table 7 and 8).

For the period 2000 to 2011, while intra-ASEAN trade in goods increased by 12.1 percent per year, that of the Philippines' only grew by 7.2 percent.

When the ASEAN integration initiative was launched in 2000, intra-ASEAN trade2 or trade between and among ASEAN member states amounted to US$ 166.8 billion which has grown to a level of US$ 584.3 billion in 2011. For the period 2000-2011, total intra-ASEAN trade amounted to US$ 3,983.3 billion. This translates to an annual average growth rate of 12.1 percent (Table 7 and 8).

Among the ASEAN member states, Myanmar grew the fastest in terms of average annual growth rate at 16.4 percent. This is followed by Indonesia at 16.3 percent and Cambodia at 15.5 percent. Meanwhile, Philippines has the slowest average annual growth at 7.2 percent (Table 8).

For the same period, Singapore got the lion’s share of the trading activities of the ASEAN countries at 39.4 percent of the total with Cambodia taking in the smallest share at 0.5 percent of the pie. The Philippines ranks 5th among the 10-member ASEAN in terms of levels, which  traded US$ 205.3 billion worth of goods for the same period which accounts for 5.2 percent of the total intra-ASEAN trade  (Table 7).

From 2000 to 2011, the intra-ASEAN exports amounted to US$ 2,144.6 billion or 11.5 percent per year. During the same period, the Philippines posted a total of US$ 86.4 billion worth of exports, accounting for 4.0 percent of the total. Meanwhile, Singapore had the largest share at 43.1 percent and Cambodia had the smallest share at 0.2 percent (Table 9 and 10).

Meanwhile, intra-ASEAN imports amounted to US$ 1,838.7 billion worth of goods from 2000 to 2011. For its part, the Philippines imported goods amounted to US$ 118.9 billion from other ASEAN member states equivalent to 6.5 percent of the total. The largest share was accounted for by Singapore at 35.2 percent while Brunei Darussalam had the smallest at 0.6 percent (Table 11 and 12).   

Philippine Tariff

On 28 January 1992, the ASEAN Heads of States signed an agreement to establish an ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) by 2008 to open up their respective economies in preparation for globalization using the Common Effective Preferential Tariff (CEPT) as implementing mechanism.  In 2007, the CEPT Agreement was enhanced into a comprehensive Trade in Goods Agreement for the AFTA. Signed on 26 February 2009, the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA) is the product of the enhancement and consolidation of all existing provisions under the CEPT Agreement and relevant ASEAN economic agreements and instruments. 

As of July 2013, the Philippines has a score of 87.2 percent in the implementation of AEC Deliverables Scorecard3.  Moreover, since 1 January 2010, the Philippines has eliminated the tariffs on 98.6 percent of its products under the ATIGA. Duties for the remaining items such as sugar, live swine and chicken, meat of swine and chicken, manioc, cassava, sweet potatoes, maize shall be reduced and then maintained at 5 percent beyond 2015.

Current efforts/initiatives under trade in goods towards the 2015 AEC

Philippine Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) Secretary Gregory L. Domingo in a Philippine Daily Inquirer report stated that “the Philippines is primed and ready for the integration of economies among the 10 members states of the ASEAN by 2015”.  Further, he mentioned that “businesses should not be anxious because we have basically seen the bulk of changes on 1 January 2010 when over 99 percent of the tariff lines within the ASEAN were reduced to zero”.

Moreover, he said that the DTI has been implementing certain programs to better prepare the Small and Medium Enterprises for the entry of foreign businesses. To wit:

  1. Doing Business in Free Trade Areas (DBFTA)

    To increase awareness on the benefits of the AEC and the Philippine free trade agreements, the DTI launched a nationwide information campaign called DBFTA.   A total of 345 information sessions have been conducted by the DTI since the program started in November 2011.  

  2. Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) Roving Academy

    This will enhance the capabilities of our SMEs to compete in the regional or global market.

  3. One Country, One Voice initiative

  4. Implementation of the National Single Window (NSW)

    There are currently 30 agencies which issue import permits and clearances that are connected to the NSW.

  5. Participation in the Second Pilot Project for the implementation of a regional Self-Certification System

    This will facilitate exports as it will allow “Certified Exporters” to self-declare that their products have satisfied the “ASEAN origin” criteria by simply taking out declaration on the commercial invoice.

Meanwhile, Mr. Cielito Habito in his column No Free Lunch in the Philippine Daily Inquirer (PDI) issue dated 16 December 2013 wrote that “we ought to welcome AEC, not dread it. And it’s not just about to come in 2015. It’s already here”.

 

Reactions and views are welcome thru email to the author at ls.mitra@nscb.gov.ph and pc.bautista@nscb.gov.ph.

 

______________________

1 Statistical Coordination Officer V and Statistical Coordination Officer I of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) - Makati. Both served as technical secretariat to the NSCB Interagency Committee on Trade Statistics (IAC on TrS) which was chaired by Dr. Emmanuel F. Esguerra, Deputy Director General, National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA). The authors thank Dr. Emmanuel F. Esguerra, Dr. Jose Ramon G. Albert, Ms. Agnes Legaspi (OIC Director, Bureau of Export Trade Promotion), Dr. Fita Aldaba (Department of Trade and Industry), Dr. Erlinda Medalla (Philippine Institute for Development Studies), Mr. Raymundo J. Talento, Mr. Candido J. Astrologo, Jr. and Ms. Vivian R. Ilarina for their technical assistance. The authors also thank Ms. Eunice N. Tambasen and Ms. Simonette A. Nisperos, Information Officer II and Computer Programmer III of PSA-Makati, respectively, for the assistance in the preparation of the article. The views expressed in the article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the PSA-Makati.

2 No data yet from Lao PDR (from 2000 to 2002) and Vietnam (from 2000 to2003)

3 Source: ASEAN Secretariat

 

Table 1. ASEAN Total Trade, 2000-2011 in US$

Country 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Brunei Darussalam 3,236,755,980 4,840,420,395 4,291,301,740 4,563,083,805 6,576,780,928 7,872,403,672 9,108,282,719
Cambodia 2,772,119,190 2,997,079,618 3,580,847,048 5,022,094,617 4,510,758,891 5,916,220,581 6,437,420,856
Indonesia 95,638,821,602 87,279,758,417 88,447,624,710 93,608,937,606 118,109,140,094 143,360,835,231 161,864,089,816
Lao PDR       482,048,972 611,111,050 875,929,712 990,183,318
Malaysia 177,801,951,000 161,129,510,836 172,075,045,092 188,501,911,452 231,793,991,203 254,683,610,953 285,542,944,648
Myanmar 3,413,279,340 5,029,799,458 4,570,244,383 6,307,056,717 3,920,687,248 4,756,716,695 5,630,247,174
Philippines 72,569,119,794 65,207,362,692 70,634,668,692 73,727,708,819 83,719,732,924 88,672,866,023 99,183,801,514
Singapore 273,032,591,107 237,605,854,385 241,379,008,369 296,116,404,546 372,095,153,694 429,966,939,085 510,089,882,397
Thailand 130,636,207,562 126,900,941,143 128,838,086,631 156,209,501,826 192,666,182,300 227,613,496,586 248,688,297,345
Viet Nam         57,844,256,842 61,170,373,285 77,270,476,990
Total 759,100,845,575 690,990,726,944 713,816,826,665 824,538,748,360 1,071,847,795,174 1,224,889,391,823 1,404,805,626,777

 

Country 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total Share to Total
Brunei Darussalam 9,749,917,652 12,774,680,011 9,602,495,203 11,274,155,489 15,383,301,906 99,273,579,500 0.6
Cambodia 7,580,640,134 8,775,554,915 8,886,651,441 10,401,148,288 12,818,236,779 79,698,772,358 0.5
Indonesia 188,574,320,869 266,217,730,626 213,339,154,357 293,442,387,518 380,932,182,144 2,130,814,982,990 13.2
Lao PDR 1,093,010,185 2,630,938,755 2,962,137,917 3,464,058,179 3,955,876,127 17,065,294,215 0.1
Malaysia 323,115,984,705 338,794,719,395 280,221,354,621 363,234,360,988 415,832,526,537 3,192,727,911,430 19.8
Myanmar 8,722,518,930 10,415,426,488 10,191,327,892 11,798,267,217 16,699,037,486 91,454,609,028 0.6
Philippines 105,979,467,140 105,670,971,831 83,868,601,263 109,660,327,388 110,777,885,916 1,069,672,513,996 6.6
Singapore 562,452,352,819 657,956,233,747 515,617,129,327 661,578,657,866 775,167,153,581 5,533,057,360,923 34.3
Thailand 293,536,806,168 352,534,181,214 286,266,841,398 376,226,510,000 451,362,370,000 2,971,479,422,173 18.4
Viet Nam 109,982,477,380 141,357,019,968 125,921,909,723 157,075,214,982 203,655,600,000 934,277,329,170 5.8
Total 1,610,787,495,982 1,897,127,456,950 1,536,877,603,142 1,998,155,087,915 2,386,584,170,476 16,119,521,775,783 100.00

Source: ASEAN Regional Information Exchange Database System

 

Table 2. ASEAN Total Trade, Growth Rates 2001-2011

Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Average Rank
Brunei Darussalam 49.55 -11.34 6.33 44.13 19.70 15.70 7.04 31.02 -24.83 17.41 36.45 15.22 4
Cambodia 8.12 19.48 40.25 -10.18 31.16 8.81 17.76 15.76 1.27 17.04 23.24 14.94 5
Indonesia -8.74 1.34 5.84 26.17 21.38 12.91 16.50 41.17 -19.86 37.55 29.81 13.39 6
Lao PDR       26.77 43.33 13.04 10.38 140.71 12.59 16.94 14.20 30.10 1
Malaysia -9.38 6.79 9.55 22.97 9.87 12.12 13.16 4.85 -17.29 29.62 14.48 8.03 9
Myanmar 47.36 -9.14 38.00 -37.84 21.32 18.36 54.92 19.41 -2.15 15.77 41.54 15.53 3
Philippines -10.14 8.32 4.38 13.55 5.92 11.85 6.85 -0.29 -20.63 30.75 1.02 3.92 10
Singapore -12.98 1.59 22.68 25.66 15.55 18.63 10.27 16.98 -21.63 28.31 17.17 9.95 8
Thailand -2.86 1.53 21.24 23.34 18.14 9.26 18.03 20.10 -18.80 31.43 19.97 11.93 7
Viet Nam         5.75 26.32 42.33 28.53 -10.92 24.74 29.65 19.70 2
Total -8.97 3.30 15.51 29.99 14.28 14.69 14.66 17.78 -18.99 30.01 19.44 10.98  

Source: ASEAN Regional Information Exchange Database System

 

Table 3. ASEAN Exports by Country, 2000-2011 in US$

Country 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Brunei Darussalam 2,169,146,607 3,530,445,445 2,690,862,608 3,211,141,761 5,062,349,065 6,369,293,496 7,619,360,146
Cambodia 1,367,532,577 1,495,092,507 1,916,061,391 2,115,727,836 2,506,278,484 3,091,471,184 3,514,422,014
Indonesia 62,124,016,182 56,317,617,334 57,158,771,616 61,058,246,995 71,584,608,736 85,659,952,615 100,798,624,280
Lao PDR       143,928,077 106,429,957 174,081,640 402,666,283
Malaysia 98,154,483,451 88,031,608,757 93,277,221,548 104,982,688,978 126,510,612,453 140,470,476,062 157,226,861,853
Myanmar 1,193,845,925 2,218,367,942 2,452,187,884 4,463,804,936 1,987,690,082 3,123,844,325 3,514,760,787
Philippines 38,078,249,794 32,150,202,692 35,208,158,692 36,231,205,444 39,680,520,480 41,254,683,469 47,410,117,340
Singapore 138,352,460,161 121,686,815,712 125,042,655,936 159,900,126,277 198,553,503,005 229,804,135,268 271,607,865,855
Thailand 68,700,909,199 64,925,578,648 66,108,182,684 80,450,058,296 97,361,421,975 109,622,586,910 121,579,481,152
Viet Nam         26,015,870,053 28,576,491,603 37,033,652,634
Total 410,140,643,896 370,355,729,037 383,854,102,359 452,556,928,600 569,369,284,290 648,147,016,572 750,707,812,344

 

Country 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total Share to Total
Brunei Darussalam 7,653,241,144 10,267,964,569 7,151,970,060 8,837,178,813 12,440,507,595 77,003,461,309 0.9
Cambodia 3,905,534,351 4,358,542,565 4,985,797,440 5,604,779,708 6,697,737,379 41,558,977,436 0.5
Indonesia 114,100,890,751 137,020,424,402 116,509,991,781 157,779,103,470 203,496,626,408 1,223,608,874,570 14.4
Lao PDR 381,875,797 827,711,019 1,237,157,718 1,554,735,413 1,746,498,521 6,575,084,425 0.1
Malaysia 176,205,639,132 194,495,911,379 156,890,871,575 198,612,140,592 228,241,251,803 1,763,099,767,583 20.7
Myanmar 5,933,382,565 6,620,559,586 6,341,462,151 7,599,525,699 8,127,869,283 53,577,301,165 0.6
Philippines 50,465,723,919 49,025,391,912 38,334,655,531 51,431,703,405 48,042,193,206 507,312,805,884 6.0
Singapore 299,297,445,916 338,175,937,708 269,832,461,128 351,184,965,163 409,449,187,237 2,912,887,559,366 34.2
Thailand 153,571,126,168 174,966,659,503 152,497,202,589 193,305,550,000 222,575,740,000 1,505,664,497,124 17.7
Viet Nam 48,288,918,207 61,777,847,271 56,691,031,716 72,236,663,139 96,905,700,000 427,526,174,623 5.0
Total 859,803,777,950 977,536,949,914 810,472,601,689 1,048,146,345,402 1,237,723,311,432 8,518,814,503,485 100.00

Source: ASEAN Regional Information Exchange Database System

 

Table 4. ASEAN Exports by Country, Growth Rates 2001-2011

Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Average Rank
Brunei Darussalam 62.76 -23.78 19.34 57.65 25.82 19.63 0.44 34.16 -30.35 23.56 40.77 17.21 4
Cambodia 9.33 28.16 10.42 18.46 23.35 13.68 11.13 11.60 14.39 12.41 19.50 15.54 5
Indonesia -9.35 1.49 6.82 17.24 19.66 17.67 13.20 20.09 -14.97 35.42 28.98 11.39 6
Lao PDR       -26.05 63.56 131.31 -5.16 116.75 49.47 25.67 12.33 36.62 1
Malaysia -10.31 5.96 12.55 20.51 11.03 11.93 12.07 10.38 -19.33 26.59 14.92 7.97 9
Myanmar 85.82 10.54 82.03 -55.47 57.16 12.51 68.81 11.58 -4.22 19.84 6.95 19.05 3
Philippines -15.57 9.51 2.91 9.52 3.97 14.92 6.45 -2.85 -21.81 34.17 -6.59 2.14 10
Singapore -12.05 2.76 27.88 24.17 15.74 18.19 10.19 12.99 -20.21 30.15 16.59 10.37 8
Thailand -5.50 1.82 21.69 21.02 12.59 10.91 26.31 13.93 -12.84 26.76 15.14 11.28 7
Viet Nam         9.84 29.59 30.39 27.93 -8.23 27.42 34.15 20.67 2
Total -9.70 3.64 17.90 25.81 13.84 15.82 14.53 13.69 -17.09 29.33 18.09 10.56  

Source: ASEAN Regional Information Exchange Database System

 

Table 5. ASEAN Imports by Country, 2000-2011 in US$

Country 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Brunei Darussalam 1,067,609,373 1,309,974,951 1,600,439,132 1,351,942,044 1,514,431,863 1,503,110,176 1,488,922,574
Cambodia 1,404,586,613 1,501,987,111 1,664,785,657 2,906,366,782 2,004,480,407 2,824,749,398 2,922,998,842
Indonesia 33,514,805,420 30,962,141,083 31,288,853,094 32,550,690,611 46,524,531,358 57,700,882,616 61,065,465,536
Lao PDR       338,120,895 504,681,093 701,848,072 587,517,036
Malaysia 79,647,467,549 73,097,902,079 78,797,823,544 83,519,222,474 105,283,378,750 114,213,134,891 128,316,082,796
Myanmar 2,219,433,415 2,811,431,516 2,118,056,499 1,843,251,781 1,932,997,166 1,632,872,370 2,115,486,387
Philippines 34,490,870,000 33,057,160,000 35,426,510,000 37,496,503,375 44,039,212,444 47,418,182,554 51,773,684,174
Singapore 134,680,130,947 115,919,038,673 116,336,352,433 136,216,278,269 173,541,650,689 200,162,803,818 238,482,016,542
Thailand 61,935,298,363 61,975,362,495 62,729,903,947 75,759,443,530 95,304,760,325 117,990,909,676 127,108,816,194
Viet Nam         31,828,386,789 32,593,881,682 40,236,824,356
Total 348,960,201,680 320,634,997,908 329,962,724,306 371,981,819,761 502,478,510,884 576,742,375,253 654,097,814,437

 

Country 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total Share to Total
Brunei Darussalam 2,096,676,508 2,506,715,442 2,450,525,143 2,436,976,676 2,942,794,311 22,270,118,193 0.3
Cambodia 3,675,105,783 4,417,012,350 3,900,854,001 4,796,368,580 6,120,499,401 38,139,794,925 0.5
Indonesia 74,473,430,118 129,197,306,224 96,829,162,576 135,663,284,048 177,435,555,736 907,206,108,420 11.9
Lao PDR 711,134,388 1,803,227,736 1,724,980,199 1,909,322,766 2,209,377,606 10,490,209,791 0.1
Malaysia 146,910,345,573 144,298,808,016 123,330,483,047 164,622,220,397 187,591,274,734 1,429,628,143,850 18.8
Myanmar 2,789,136,366 3,794,866,901 3,849,865,741 4,198,741,518 8,571,168,203 37,877,307,863 0.5
Philippines 55,513,743,221 56,645,579,919 45,533,945,732 58,228,623,983 62,735,692,710 562,359,708,112 7.4
Singapore 263,154,906,903 319,780,296,039 245,784,668,199 310,393,692,703 365,717,966,345 2,620,169,801,560 34.5
Thailand 139,965,680,000 177,567,521,711 133,769,638,809 182,920,960,000 228,786,630,000 1,465,814,925,050 19.3
Viet Nam 61,693,559,173 79,579,172,697 69,230,878,007 84,838,551,844 106,749,900,000 506,751,154,548 6.7
Total 750,983,718,033 919,590,507,035 726,405,001,454 950,008,742,515 1,148,860,859,046 7,600,707,272,312 100.00

Source: ASEAN Regional Information Exchange Database System

 

Table 6. ASEAN Imports by Country, Growth Rates 2001-2011

Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Average Rank
Brunei Darussalam 22.70 22.17 -15.53 12.02 -0.75 -0.94 40.82 19.56 -2.24 -0.55 20.76 9.66 7
Cambodia 6.93 10.84 74.58 -31.03 40.92 3.48 25.73 20.19 -11.69 22.96 27.61 14.32 4
Indonesia -7.62 1.06 4.03 42.93 24.02 5.83 21.96 73.48 -25.05 40.11 30.79 16.36 3
Lao PDR       49.26 39.07 -16.29 21.04 153.57 -4.34 10.69 15.72 26.44 1
Malaysia -8.22 7.80 5.99 26.06 8.48 12.35 14.49 -1.78 -14.53 33.48 13.95 8.10 9
Myanmar 26.67 -24.66 -12.97 4.87 -15.53 29.56 31.84 36.06 1.45 9.06 104.14 13.07 5
Philippines -4.16 7.17 5.84 17.45 7.67 9.19 7.22 2.04 -19.62 27.88 7.74 5.59 10
Singapore -13.93 0.36 17.09 27.40 15.34 19.14 10.35 21.52 -23.14 26.29 17.82 9.51 8
Thailand 0.06 1.22 20.77 25.80 23.80 7.73 10.11 26.87 -24.67 36.74 25.07 12.61 6
Viet Nam         2.41 23.45 53.33 28.99 -13.00 22.54 25.83 18.87 2
Total -8.12 2.91 12.73 35.08 14.78 13.41 14.81 22.45 -21.01 30.78 20.93 11.44  

Source: ASEAN Regional Information Exchange Database System

 

Table 7. INTRA ASEAN TRADE TOTAL in US$

Country 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Brunei Darussalam 1,173,839,694 1,319,597,737 1,311,713,547 1,249,766,669 1,509,522,722 2,267,489,060 2,633,178,654
Cambodia 625,176,306 1,164,294,926 689,857,760 1,796,389,692 753,669,573 1,171,272,639 1,226,526,209
Indonesia 17,664,887,584 15,233,880,738 16,929,008,618 18,755,697,494 24,680,309,982 33,153,178,881 37,862,268,107
Lao PDR       354,927,572 454,706,773 509,993,985 790,527,661
Malaysia 40,343,484,117 36,278,440,088 39,372,244,142 47,039,311,460 57,928,236,565 65,797,666,777 73,270,245,844
Myanmar 1,506,747,990 2,270,448,516 2,412,094,028 4,028,057,908 1,947,915,354 2,456,345,755 3,324,391,167
Philippines 10,938,007,994 9,650,832,370 11,071,723,183 12,979,816,944 15,193,739,508 16,024,221,098 18,410,546,764
Singapore 71,075,270,401 61,806,379,968 64,404,031,128 91,328,351,690 109,922,277,661 124,125,244,102 146,102,608,094
Thailand 23,518,577,926 22,596,442,251 23,718,033,317 29,199,311,360 37,004,597,750 45,419,382,207 50,483,995,250
Viet Nam         11,546,256,669 13,968,585,128 18,667,702,720
Total 166,845,992,012 150,320,316,594 159,908,705,723 206,731,630,789 260,941,232,557 304,893,379,632 352,771,990,470

 

Country 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total Share to Total
Brunei Darussalam 3,192,787,777 3,680,489,710 2,442,178,656 2,330,576,984 3,282,344,588 26,393,485,798 0.7%
Cambodia 1,534,392,463 1,909,915,803 2,097,899,753 2,396,934,785 3,040,087,225 18,406,417,134 0.5%
Indonesia 46,084,248,433 68,162,481,867 52,366,296,837 80,472,646,262 93,399,057,165 504,763,961,968 12.7%
Lao PDR 833,870,031 2,215,302,209 2,478,153,606 2,588,521,303 2,532,170,514 12,758,173,654 0.3%
Malaysia 82,611,534,096 85,076,723,373 72,065,323,094 95,112,684,279 108,167,643,863 803,063,537,698 20.2%
Myanmar 4,840,820,046 5,581,567,635 5,262,579,170 5,733,054,962 7,972,434,734 47,336,457,265 1.2%
Philippines 20,907,025,806 21,398,390,451 17,399,502,530 27,827,450,908 23,457,099,314 205,258,356,870 5.2%
Singapore 160,853,623,361 183,217,626,473 140,694,055,855 211,727,816,985 205,673,743,787 1,570,931,029,505 39.4%
Thailand 57,886,773,907 69,375,293,729 59,250,123,770 93,470,862,812 102,415,513,494 614,338,907,773 15.4%
Viet Nam 23,175,302,427 29,494,568,971 22,121,491,240 26,758,468,441 34,311,357,650 180,043,733,246 4.5%
Total 401,920,378,347 470,112,360,221 376,177,604,511 548,419,017,721 584,251,452,334 3,983,294,060,911  

Source: ASEAN Regional Information Exchange Database System

 

Table 8. INTRA ASEAN TRADE TOTAL, Growth Rates

Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011  Average  Rank
Brunei Darussalam 12.42 -0.60 -4.72 20.78 50.21 16.13 21.25 15.28 -33.65 -4.57 40.8 9.8 8
Cambodia 86.23 -40.75 160.40 -58.05 55.41 4.72 25.10 24.47 9.84 14.25 26.8 15.5 5
Indonesia -13.76 11.13 10.79 31.59 34.33 14.20 21.72 47.91 -23.17 53.67 16.1 16.3 4
Lao PDR       28.11 12.16 55.01 5.48 165.67 11.87 4.45 (2.2) 27.8 1
Malaysia -10.08 8.53 19.47 23.15 13.58 11.36 12.75 2.98 -15.29 31.98 13.7 9.4 9
Myanmar 50.69 6.24 66.99 -51.64 26.10 35.34 45.62 15.30 -5.72 8.94 39.1 16.4 3
Philippines -11.77 14.72 17.23 17.06 5.47 14.89 13.56 2.35 -18.69 59.93 15.7) 7.2 10
Singapore -13.04 4.20 41.81 20.36 12.92 17.71 10.10 13.90 -23.21 50.49 (2.9) 10.1 7
Thailand -3.92 4.96 23.11 26.73 22.74 11.15 14.66 19.85 -14.59 57.76 9.6 14.3 6
Viet Nam         20.98 33.64 24.15 27.27 -25.00 20.96 28.2 16.8 2
Total -9.90 6.38 29.28 26.22 16.84 15.70 13.93 16.97 -19.98 45.79 6.5 12.1  

Source: ASEAN Regional Information Exchange Database System

 

Table 9. INTRA ASEAN EXPORTS in US$

Country 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Brunei Darussalam 639,489,393 774,809,724 684,167,411 632,894,753 865,038,140 1,529,007,417 1,887,341,925
Cambodia 76,034,402 72,574,893 91,890,612 101,504,998 80,172,442 144,452,726 235,364,343
Indonesia 10,883,679,967 9,507,069,625 9,933,467,442 10,725,384,931 12,994,344,403 15,823,719,647 18,483,087,661
Lao PDR       102,247,780 89,587,538 147,621,045 289,820,279
Malaysia 24,408,637,687 21,024,152,023 22,127,091,539 26,036,225,639 31,737,164,190 36,633,674,923 40,979,592,713
Myanmar 393,461,029 951,273,227 1,221,309,964 3,060,239,628 996,773,348 1,559,714,016 2,149,715,854
Philippines 5,982,570,446 4,986,037,601 5,529,685,531 6,581,680,882 6,837,882,859 7,149,949,743 8,192,204,350
Singapore 37,783,963,579 32,815,393,669 33,962,586,929 51,777,836,184 62,625,240,999 71,976,488,133 83,801,998,105
Thailand 13,212,161,944 12,549,429,922 13,156,351,678 16,582,984,738 21,170,016,136 23,866,973,760 26,944,180,244
Viet Nam         3,850,913,156 5,030,918,277 6,213,977,114
Total 93,379,998,447 82,680,740,684 86,706,551,106 115,600,999,533 141,247,133,211 163,862,519,687 189,177,282,588

 

Country 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total Share
Brunei Darussalam 2,149,511,558 2,480,394,931 1,187,066,588 1,096,169,747 1,733,545,902 15,659,437,489 0.00730
Cambodia 251,421,814 310,619,960 644,631,793 720,849,094 833,245,811 3,562,762,888 0.00166
Indonesia 22,292,114,745 27,170,819,686 24,623,898,564 33,347,510,079 42,098,872,453 237,883,969,203 0.11092
Lao PDR 257,378,338 724,443,867 997,357,293 1,089,412,693 961,629,231 4,659,498,064 0.00217
Malaysia 45,295,626,512 50,401,398,322 40,365,084,960 50,395,722,113 56,064,600,713 445,468,971,334 0.20771
Myanmar 3,427,734,337 3,853,388,016 3,196,676,093 3,739,883,949 3,965,340,815 28,515,510,276 0.01330
Philippines 8,031,906,316 7,081,712,225 5,838,429,441 11,557,640,365 8,635,262,829 86,404,962,588 0.04029
Singapore 95,003,468,576 108,458,305,761 81,646,497,427 137,072,582,954 127,546,025,190 924,470,387,506 0.43106
Thailand 32,894,236,713 39,487,047,265 32,490,608,008 46,073,576,051 54,304,698,865 332,732,265,324 0.15515
Viet Nam 7,730,837,413 10,017,790,976 8,554,799,401 10,350,948,467 13,518,148,954 65,268,333,758 0.03043
Total 217,334,236,322 249,985,921,009 199,545,049,568 295,444,295,512 309,661,370,763 2,144,626,098,430  

Source: ASEAN Regional Information Exchange Database System

 

Table 10. INTRA ASEAN EXPORTS, Growth Rates

Country 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Average Rank
Brunei Darussalam   21.16 -11.70 -7.49 36.68 76.76 23.44 13.89 15.39 -52.14 -7.66 58.15 9.49 8
Cambodia   -4.55 26.61 10.46 -21.02 80.18 62.94 6.82 23.55 107.53 11.82 15.59 24.32 2
Indonesia   -12.65 4.49 7.97 21.16 21.77 16.81 20.61 21.89 -9.37 35.43 26.24 13.09 6
Lao PDR         -12.38 64.78 96.33 -11.19 181.47 37.67 9.23 -11.73 32.33 1
Malaysia   -13.87 5.25 17.67 21.90 15.43 11.86 10.53 11.27 -19.91 24.85 11.25 7.85 9
Myanmar   141.77 28.39 150.57 -67.43 56.48 37.83 59.45 12.42 -17.04 16.99 6.03 23.37 3
Philippines   -16.66 10.90 19.02 3.89 4.56 14.58 -1.96 -11.83 -17.56 97.96 -25.29 3.39 10
Singapore   -13.15 3.50 52.46 20.95 14.93 16.43 13.37 14.16 -24.72 67.89 -6.95 11.69 7
Thailand   -5.02 4.84 26.05 27.66 12.74 12.89 22.08 20.04 -17.72 41.81 17.87 13.71 5
Viet Nam           30.64 23.52 24.41 29.58 -14.60 21.00 30.60 19.65 4
Total   -11.46 4.87 33.32 22.19 16.01 15.45 14.88 15.02 -20.18 48.06 4.81 11.51  

Source: ASEAN Regional Information Exchange Database System

 

 

Table 11. INTRA ASEAN IMPORTS in US$

Country 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Brunei Darussalam 534,350,301 544,788,013 627,546,136 616,871,916 644,484,582 738,481,643 745,836,729
Cambodia 549,141,904 1,091,720,033 597,967,147 1,694,884,694 673,497,131 1,026,819,913 991,161,866
Indonesia 6,781,207,617 5,726,811,113 6,995,541,176 8,030,312,563 11,685,965,579 17,329,459,234 19,379,180,446
Lao PDR       252,679,792 365,119,235 362,372,940 500,707,382
Malaysia 15,934,846,430 15,254,288,065 17,245,152,603 21,003,085,821 26,191,072,375 29,163,991,854 32,290,653,131
Myanmar 1,113,286,961 1,319,175,289 1,190,784,064 967,818,280 951,142,006 896,631,739 1,174,675,313
Philippines 4,955,437,548 4,664,794,769 5,542,037,652 6,398,136,062 8,355,856,649 8,874,271,355 10,218,342,414
Singapore 33,291,306,822 28,990,986,300 30,441,444,199 39,550,515,506 47,297,036,662 52,148,755,970 62,300,609,990
Thailand 10,306,415,982 10,047,012,329 10,561,681,639 12,616,326,622 15,834,581,614 21,552,408,446 23,539,815,005
Viet Nam         7,695,343,513 8,937,666,851 12,453,725,606
Total 73,465,993,565 67,639,575,911 73,202,154,616 91,130,631,256 119,694,099,346 141,030,859,945 163,594,707,882

 

Country 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total Share
Brunei Darussalam 1,043,276,219 1,200,094,778 1,255,112,068 1,234,407,237 1,548,798,686 10,734,048,308 0.0058
Cambodia 1,282,970,649 1,599,295,843 1,453,267,960 1,676,085,692 2,206,841,414 14,843,654,246 0.0081
Indonesia 23,792,133,688 40,991,662,181 27,742,398,273 47,125,136,183 51,300,184,712 266,879,992,765 0.1451
Lao PDR 576,491,693 1,490,858,342 1,480,796,314 1,499,108,610 1,570,541,283 8,098,675,591 0.0044
Malaysia 37,315,907,584 34,675,325,051 31,700,238,134 44,716,962,166 52,103,043,150 357,594,566,364 0.1945
Myanmar 1,413,085,709 1,728,179,619 2,065,903,077 1,993,171,012 4,007,093,919 18,820,946,988 0.0102
Philippines 12,875,119,490 14,316,678,226 11,561,073,089 16,269,810,543 14,821,836,485 118,853,394,282 0.0646
Singapore 65,850,154,785 74,759,320,712 59,047,558,428 74,655,234,031 78,127,718,597 646,460,642,002 0.3516
Thailand 24,992,537,194 29,888,246,464 26,759,515,762 47,397,286,761 48,110,814,629 281,606,642,447 0.1532
Viet Nam 15,444,465,013 19,476,777,995 13,566,691,839 16,407,519,973 20,793,208,696 114,775,399,486 0.0624
Total 184,586,142,024 220,126,439,211 176,632,554,944 252,974,722,208 274,590,081,571 1,838,667,962,479  

Source: ASEAN Regional Information Exchange Database System

 

Table 12. INTRA ASEAN IMPORTS, Growth Rates

Country 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Average Rank
Brunei Darussalam   1.95 15.19 -1.70 4.48 14.58 1.00 39.88 15.03 4.58 -1.65 25.47 10.16 9
Cambodia   98.80 -45.23 183.44 -60.26 52.46 -3.47 29.44 24.66 -9.13 15.33 31.67 13.48 5
Indonesia   -15.55 22.15 14.79 45.52 48.29 11.83 22.77 72.29 -32.32 69.87 8.86 20.20 2
Lao PDR         44.50 -0.75 38.17 15.14 158.61 -0.67 1.24 4.77 25.66 1
Malaysia   -4.27 13.05 21.79 24.70 11.35 10.72 15.56 -7.08 -8.58 41.06 16.52 11.37 7
Myanmar   18.49 -9.73 -18.72 -1.72 -5.73 31.01 20.30 22.30 19.54 -3.52 101.04 12.35 6
Philippines   -5.87 18.81 15.45 30.60 6.20 15.15 26.00 11.20 -19.25 40.73 -8.90 10.47 8
Singapore   -12.92 5.00 29.92 19.59 10.26 19.47 5.70 13.53 -21.02 26.43 4.65 8.06 10
Thailand   -2.52 5.12 19.45 25.51 36.11 9.22 6.17 19.59 -10.47 77.12 1.51 15.04 4
Viet Nam           16.14 39.34 24.01 26.11 -30.34 20.94 26.73 15.26 3
Total   -7.93 8.22 24.49 31.34 17.83 16.00 12.83 19.25 -19.76 43.22 8.54 12.73  

Source: ASEAN Regional Information Exchange Database System

 

 

 


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Updated 28 January 2016

Ver. 7.2014.234-11.04

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