Sexy Statistics

Should the Fire Prevention Month Be Moved to April?

Should the Fire Prevention Month Be Moved to April?

by Severa B. de Costo and Marietta V. Gumela1
(Posted: 09 May 2014)

 



March is the Fire Prevention Month in the Philippines. Do you know why? March was chosen for the event since it is considered as the hottest month of the year in the country during which most fires occur due to elevated temperature. This dates back to 1966 when then President Ferdinand Marcos signed Presidential Proclamation No. 115-A declaring the month of March and every year thereafter as Fire Prevention Month.

However, let us analyze what the statistics actually tell us:

April, not March, registered the most number of fire incidents in the Philippines for the past four years (2010-2013)

Based on statistics from the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP), there were more fire incidents in April than in March from 2010 to 2013. A total of 5,355 blazes occurred in April, while 4,561 fires happened in March during the period 2010-2013. On the average, April registered the highest number of fire incidents per year at 1,339 followed by March with 1,140. Taking into consideration the significant change over time of April fire occurrence in the country, does it then warrant a closer examination of the Fire Prevention Month observance in March (Table 1)?

Meanwhile, July has the lowest annual average of 622 fire incidents from 2010 to 2013 (Table 1).

In 2013 alone, April registered the highest number of fire incidents at 1,652 followed by March with 1,098. July, on the other hand, has the least number of fire incidents at 763. On the average, 34 fire incidents per day or at least one fire incident per hour was reported in 2013 - the highest in the past four years (Table 1).

It was observed that in 2013, the hot dry months of March, April and May exceeded the 1,000th mark in terms of fire occurrences nationwide (Table 1).

The year 2013 also registered the most number of fire incidents with 12,301 total blazes nationwide - 39.8 percent higher than the 8,798 fires reported in 2012, 39.4 percent higher than the 8,824 fires recorded in 2011, and 14.2 percent higher than the 10,773 fires posted in 2010 (Table 1). 

In 2013, the 12,301 total fire occurrences nationwide translated to ₱5.5 billion worth of property damage

Across regions, NCR (Metro Manila) accounted for more than half (51.5 percent) of the total value of property damage at ₱2.8 billion. Following NCR was Region 3 (Central Luzon) with damaged properties valued at ₱545.1 million (10.0 percent). On the other hand, Region 1 (Ilocos Region) suffered the least financial losses due to fires amounting to ₱30.2 million (0.6 percent) followed by Region 2 (Cagayan Valley) with damaged properties at about ₱39.5 million (0.7 percent) (Table 2).  

During the four-year period (2010-2013), the number of fire casualties exhibited an upward trend

For the period 2010-2013, the total number of fire casualties has consistently increased from 911 to 1,018 or at an annual average of 3.8 percent. There were more casualties among civilians (3,533) than firefighters (331).  Meanwhile, a total of 985 dead civilians and five dead firefighters were recorded for the said period (Table 3e).

In 2013 alone, in terms of reported fire casualties, there were 697 injured and 244 fatalities among civilians. Meanwhile, there were 77 injured but no fatality among firefighters during the same period (Table 3d).  

Across regions in 2013, blazes in NCR caused injuries to 272 civilians and 32 firefighters; and claimed 58 civilian lives; but no firefighter died in the area in 2013. Meanwhile, Region 5 (Bicol Region) had the least fire casualties involving only two injured civilians in the same year (Table 3d).      

Over the past four years (2010-2013), most of the fire incidents nationwide were caused mainly by faulty electrical wiring/connection, unattended open flame, neglected electrical appliances/devices, among others

From 2010 to 2013, most of the fire incidents nationwide were caused mainly by faulty electrical wiring/connection (29.6 percent), unattended open flame, i.e., neglected cooking/stove, cigarette butt, torch, candle, etc. (25.9 percent), neglected electrical appliances/devices (3.9 percent), among others. It is noted, however, that fires of unknown origin and other causes were unusually large, indicating that there is a need for improving the Bureau’s reporting system to be able to reflect clearer picture of the epidemiology of fires in the country for proper interventions and guide policymaking on fire risk reduction (Tables 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d and 4e).     

For the last two years (2012-2013), fires caused by lightning significantly decreased - from 11 incidents in 2012 to 7 incidents in 2013 (Tables 4c-4d).        

Among unattended open flame causing fire, cigarette butt topped the list in 2013 with 736 recorded incidents, while direct flame contact or static electricity accounted for the least cause of fires with 13 reported incidents (Table 4d).        

Among the regions, NCR was the most fire-prone area in the Philippines consistently registering the highest incidence of fires from 2010 to 2013

In 2013, the three regions with the highest number of fire incidents were NCR (3,691), Western Visayas (1,476) and CALABARZON (1,349), while those with the lowest incidents of blazes were ARMM (86), Caraga (137) and MIMAROPA (160) (Table 4d).  

Residential areas topped the list in fire occurrences

From 2010 to 2013, fires most often occurred in residential areas (Tables 5a, 5b, 5c, 5d and 5e).                
 
In 2013, fire occurrence nationwide involved 5,078 residential areas followed by 2,517 forests/grasslands, 1,565 commercial areas, 487 other areas, and 225 mixed-type occupancies (Table 5d).                   

Most fire incidents were accidental in nature

For the period 2010-2013, more than two-thirds of the total blazes every year were accidental in nature (Tables 6a, 6b, 6c and 6d).           

Of the 12,301 total fire incidents that occurred in 2013 nationwide - 8,630 (70.2 percent) were accidental in nature, 3,330 (27.1 percent) were still under investigation by the BFP, 257 (2.1 percent) were intentional or arson, and 84 (0.7 percent) were undetermined (Table 6d).              

Fireman-to-population ratio is declining

Available data for 2010 to 2012 show that while total population has increased, the number of firemen has continuously decreased. This resulted to a declining ratio of firemen to population during the said period: from 1:5,520 in 2010 to 1:5,665 in 2011 and 1:5,893 in 2012. Based on international standards, the Philippines falls short of the ideal ratio of 1:2,000 indicating a huge shortage of firefighters in the country (Table 7).

Hence, let us remember that Fire Prevention Month is not a festive celebration but a time to be extra cautious! The BFP, with its limited resources (i.e., manpower, logistics and budget), can only do so much. We should therefore do our share in the promotion of public safety awareness and disaster preparedness as fire is considered a human-induced (man-made) calamity.

Fire prevention is thus everybody’s concern. Beware of the ravages of fire that may cause havoc to you, your loved ones or anybody else. Be fire safety-conscious to save lives and property not only during March or April, but all throughout the year. Ingat!

_______________________

Reactions and views are welcome thru email to the author at sb.decosto@nscb.gov.ph and mv.gumela@nscb.gov.ph

1 Statistical Coordination Officer VI and Statistical Coordination Officer III, respectively, of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) - National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

The authors thank Dir. Regina S. Reyes, Dir. Candido J. Astrologo, Jr. and Luzviminda S. Mitra, for their assistance in the preparation of this article. The article was also written under the guidance of Interim Deputy National Statistician Ms. Lina V. Castro.

The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the PSA-NSCB.

Table 1. NUMBER OF FIRE INCIDENTS NATIONWIDE BY MONTH
2010 to 2013

Month Number of Fire Incidents Nationwide 4-Year Total Annual Average
2010 2011 2012 2013 (2010-2013) (2010-2013)
January 1,004 686 771 793 3,254 814
February 1,308 815 686 926 3,735 934
March 1,661 900 902 1,098 4,561 1,140
April 1,573 1,256 874 1,652 5,355 1,339
May 1,165 784 737 1,370 4,056 1,014
June 605 653 625 835 2,718 680
July 544 563 617 763 2,487 622
August 546 580 734 835 2,695 674
September 583 627 580 947 2,737 684
October 588 623 684 984 2,879 720
November 553 680 724 992 2,949 737
December 643 657 864 1,106 3,270 818
Annual Total 10,773 8,824 8,798 12,301 40,696 10,174

Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 2. ESTIMATED FIRE DAMAGE TO PROPERTIES BY REGION
2010 to 2013 (In Pesos)

Region Estimated Fire Damage to Properties (In Pesos)
2010 2011 2012 2013
Philippines 3,933,920,762 4,000,662,846 3,737,240,786 5,465,832,499
National Capital Region (NCR) 735,179,255 781,161,400 494,877,630 2,812,400,323
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) 57,702,584 114,970,940 65,805,940 52,419,170
1 Ilocos Region 75,427,156 60,302,681 502,546,120 30,210,554
2 Cagayan Valley 63,250,420 33,783,400 93,116,331 39,516,336
3 Central Luzon 328,829,576 454,709,171 620,003,289 545,068,193
4A CALABARZON 1,422,824,623 246,729,780 285,421,300 307,868,760
4B MIMAROPA 64,648,560 36,836,137 115,995,169 92,046,880
5 Bicol Region 46,389,155 31,929,577 124,462,573 98,443,345
6 Western Visayas 168,644,520 188,022,994 175,273,036 124,049,616
7 Central Visayas 263,883,460 130,830,310 128,450,200 109,554,439
8 Eastern Visayas 63,991,400 63,335,080 123,234,130 86,334,850
9 Zamboanga Peninsula 106,739,350 111,806,478 80,025,964 277,424,068
10 Northern Mindanao 115,984,884 196,977,812 129,232,500 417,488,742
11 Davao Region 126,312,260 216,125,250 344,526,920 149,518,226
12 SOCCSKSARGEN 106,070,100 85,440,736 102,320,014 106,622,263
13 Caraga 128,032,500 1,209,994,000 177,493,670 155,128,734
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 60,010,959 37,707,100 174,456,000 61,738,000

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 3a. NUMBER OF FIRE CASUALTIES BY REGION AND BY TYPE
AND STATUS OF VICTIM
(2010)

Region Number of Fire Casualties Grand Total
Civilian Sub-Total Firefighter Sub-Total
Injured Dead Injured Dead
Philippines 557 274 831 79 1 80 911
National Capital Region (NCR) 164 42 206 20 0 20 226
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) 17 5 22 3 0 3 25
1 Ilocos Region 5 11 16 4 0 4 20
2 Cagayan Valley 24 18 42 0 0 0 42
3 Central Luzon 43 26 69 4 1 5 74
4A CALABARZON 31 20 51 1 0 1 52
4B MIMAROPA 10 6 16 0 0 0 16
5 Bicol Region 26 13 39 5 0 5 44
6 Western Visayas 66 22 88 7 0 7 95
7 Central Visayas 47 27 74 13 0 13 87
8 Eastern Visayas 31 31 62 1 0 1 63
9 Zamboanga Peninsula 16 8 24 0 0 0 24
10 Northern Mindanao 8 16 24 7 0 7 31
11 Davao Region 25 10 35 5 0 5 40
12 SOCCSKSARGEN 21 14 35 4 0 4 39
13 Caraga 11 2 13 5 0 5 18
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 12 3 15 0 0 0 15

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 3b. NUMBER OF FIRE CASUALTIES BY REGION AND BY TYPE
AND STATUS OF VICTIM
(2011)

Region Number of Fire Casualties Grand Total
Civilian Sub-Total Firefighter Sub-Total
Injured Dead Injured Dead
Philippines 649 217 866 70 2 72 938
National Capital Region (NCR) 179 64 243 38 0 38 281
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) 25 7 32 5 0 5 37
1 Ilocos Region 10 6 16 2 0 2 18
2 Cagayan Valley 13 9 22 0 0 0 22
3 Central Luzon 45 17 62 0 0 0 62
4A CALABARZON 46 17 63 1 1 2 65
4B MIMAROPA 23 7 30 0 0 0 30
5 Bicol Region 22 13 35 0 0 0 35
6 Western Visayas 50 7 57 1 1 2 59
7 Central Visayas 41 11 52 6 0 6 58
8 Eastern Visayas 24 3 27 3 0 3 30
9 Zamboanga Peninsula 84 14 98 3 0 3 101
10 Northern Mindanao 19 14 33 5 0 5 38
11 Davao Region 27 21 48 3 0 3 51
12 SOCCSKSARGEN 16 4 20 1 0 1 21
13 Caraga 23 2 25 1 0 1 26
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 2 1 3 1 0 1 4

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 3c. NUMBER OF FIRE CASUALTIES BY REGION AND BY TYPE
AND STATUS OF VICTIM
(2012)

Region Number of Fire Casualties Grand Total
Civilian Sub-Total Firefighter Sub-Total
Injured Dead Injured Dead
Philippines 645 250 895 100 2 102 997
National Capital Region (NCR) 222 73 295 46 2 48 343
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) 12 11 23 1 0 1 24
1 Ilocos Region 14 4 18 1 0 1 19
2 Cagayan Valley 8 3 11 2 0 2 13
3 Central Luzon 33 23 56 1 0 1 57
4A CALABARZON 35 16 51 3 0 3 54
4B MIMAROPA 15 9 24 1 0 1 25
5 Bicol Region 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6 Western Visayas 45 12 57 10 0 10 67
7 Central Visayas 54 14 68 5 0 5 73
8 Eastern Visayas 26 3 29 6 0 6 35
9 Zamboanga Peninsula 22 7 29 7 0 7 36
10 Northern Mindanao 52 14 66 1 0 1 67
11 Davao Region 32 17 49 1 0 1 50
12 SOCCSKSARGEN 27 10 37 5 0 5 42
13 Caraga 4 24 28 6 0 6 34
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 44 10 54 4 0 4 58

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 3d. NUMBER OF FIRE CASUALTIES BY REGION AND BY TYPE
AND STATUS OF VICTIM
(2013)

Region Number of Fire Casualties Grand Total
Civilian Sub-Total Firefighter Sub-Total
Injured Dead Injured Dead
Philippines 697 244 941 77 0 77 1,018
National Capital Region (NCR) 272 58 330 32 0 32 362
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) 9 5 14 0 0 0 14
1 Ilocos Region 19 5 24 1 0 1 25
2 Cagayan Valley 10 2 12 2 0 2 14
3 Central Luzon 39 33 72 8 0 8 80
4A CALABARZON 56 31 87 2 0 2 89
4B MIMAROPA 7 4 11 1 0 1 12
5 Bicol Region 2 0 2 0 0 0 2
6 Western Visayas 60 8 68 7 0 7 75
7 Central Visayas 59 23 82 13 0 13 95
8 Eastern Visayas 17 7 24 0 0 0 24
9 Zamboanga Peninsula 18 4 22 1 0 1 23
10 Northern Mindanao 20 23 43 6 0 6 49
11 Davao Region 26 8 34 2 0 2 36
12 SOCCSKSARGEN 47 14 61 1 0 1 62
13 Caraga 20 13 33 1 0 1 34
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 16 6 22 0 0 0 22

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 3e. SUMMARY OF FIRE CASUALTIES BY TYPE AND STATUS OF VICTIM
2010 to 2013

Year Number of Fire Casualties Grand Total
Civilian Sub-Total Firefighter Sub-Total
Injured Dead Injured Dead
Philippines 2,548 985 3,533 326 5 331 3,864
2010 557 274 831 79 1 80 911
2011 649 217 866 70 2 72 938
2012 645 250 895 100 2 102 997
2013 697 244 941 77 0 77 1,018

Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 4a. NUMBER OF FIRE INCIDENTS BY REGION AND BY CAUSE
(2010)

REGION Cause Sub-
Total
Faulty
Electrical Wiring/
Connection
LPG-related Unattended Open Flame
Neglected Cooking/
Stove
Cigarette
Butt
Torch/
"Sulo"
Candle/
"Gasera"
Matchstick/
Lighter
Direct Flame Contact or Static Electricity
Philippines 2,723 80 753 949 618 425 276 3,021
National Capital Region (NCR) 1,676 42 296 752 158 95 83 1,384
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) 36 0 10 19 0 15 12 56
1 Ilocos Region 31 1 25 4 10 5 4 48
2 Cagayan Valley 35 2 19 6 4 12 6 47
3 Central Luzon 120 6 45 11 1 29 9 95
4A CALABARZON 83 4 16 2 360 13 9 400
4B MIMAROPA 18 1 16 3 2 10 10 41
5 Bicol Region 54 1 19 5 8 20 2 54
6 Western Visayas 246 7 110 46 6 55 19 236
7 Central Visayas 140 5 69 68 44 48 47 276
8 Eastern Visayas 19 0 18 2 0 7 8 35
9 Zamboanga Peninsula 43 0 14 6 3 18 34 75
10 Northern Mindanao 51 2 11 1 7 33 2 54
11 Davao Region 130 6 56 23 8 40 24 151
12 SOCCSKSARGEN 20 1 22 1 6 21 5 55
13 Caraga 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 2
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 21 2 6 0 1 4 1 12

Region Cause Grand Total
Neglected Electrical Appliances/
Devices
Electrical
Machineries
Chemicals Incendiary Device/
Mechanism or Ignited Flammable Liquid
Spontaneous Combustion Pyro-
technics
Bomb Explosion Lightning Under Investigation / Unknown Others
Philippines 369 82 82 64 182 50 8 9 1,639 2,464 10,773
National Capital Region (NCR) 117 20 75 9 77 12 4 0 656 216 4,288
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) 3 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 46 128 273
1 Ilocos Region 8 4 0 1 1 2 0 0 107 73 276
2 Cagayan Valley 12 1 0 2 2 0 0 5 30 16 152
3 Central Luzon 29 13 0 2 1 14 0 1 113 152 546
4A CALABARZON 23 5 1 1 9 1 0 0 176 26 729
4B MIMAROPA 4 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 30 17 113
5 Bicol Region 10 3 0 8 3 3 0 0 62 31 229
6 Western Visayas 27 9 4 5 13 1 0 1 163 1,150 1,862
7 Central Visayas 55 3 1 6 14 7 1 2 74 118 702
8 Eastern Visayas 7 6 1 8 0 0 0 0 74 11 161
9 Zamboanga Peninsula 13 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 15 23 171
10 Northern Mindanao 15 1 0 9 3 2 0 0 25 185 347
11 Davao Region 37 9 0 5 8 2 0 0 37 84 469
12 SOCCSKSARGEN 7 4 0 2 49 1 0 0 14 136 289
13 Caraga 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 88 102
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 2 1 0 4 1 0 3 0 8 10 64

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 4b. NUMBER OF FIRE INCIDENTS BY REGION AND BY CAUSE
(2011)

Region Cause
Faulty
Electrical Wiring/
Connection
LPG-related Unattended Open Flame Sub-
Total
Neglected Cooking/
Stove
Cigarette
Butt
Torch/
"Sulo"
Candle/
"Gasera"
Matchstick/
Lighter
Direct Flame Contact or Static Electricity
Philippines 2,950 89 535 612 511 470 180 23 2,331
National Capital Region (NCR) 1,709 35 168 518 106 123 37 0 952
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) 29 5 20 6 4 7 11 0 48
1 Ilocos Region 44 1 56 4 7 10 31 0 108
2 Cagayan Valley 27 3 6 4 1 8 5 0 24
3 Central Luzon 116 4 25 11 4 50 16 1 107
4A CALABARZON 73 11 20 10 340 116 4 10 500
4B MIMAROPA 28 2 12 3 0 14 3 0 32
5 Bicol Region 33 3 27 6 8 14 2 0 57
6 Western Visayas 343 4 51 16 3 32 22 2 126
7 Central Visayas 217 12 49 10 18 22 11 10 120
8 Eastern Visayas 26 1 11 3 1 9 4 0 28
9 Zamboanga Peninsula 36 0 16 5 3 12 5 0 41
10 Northern Mindanao 70 1 15 1 4 14 4 0 38
11 Davao Region 154 6 39 8 3 29 14 0 93
12 SOCCSKSARGEN 26 1 18 7 8 9 9 0 51
13 Caraga 8 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 11 0 2 0 0 1 2 0 5

Region Total
Cause
Neglected Electrical Appliances/
Devices
Electrical
Machineries
Chemicals Incendiary Device/
Mechanism or Ignited Flammable Liquid
Spontaneous Combustion Pyro-
technics
Bomb Explosion Lightning Under Investigation
Unknown
Others
Philippines 412 88 52 87 198 52 7 20 1,865 673 8,824
National Capital Region (NCR) 162 17 49 6 111 8 0 13 596 0 3,658
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) 3 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 24 76 191
1 Ilocos Region 4 1 0 7 1 7 2 2 150 27 354
2 Cagayan Valley 12 2 0 2 0 1 0 1 47 22 141
3 Central Luzon 43 11 1 12 3 13 0 2 192 59 563
4A CALABARZON 19 3 0 0 0 4 0 0 230 13 853
4B MIMAROPA 4 2 0 4 1 1 0 0 59 0 133
5 Bicol Region 12 7 0 4 3 1 0 0 85 3 208
6 Western Visayas 26 12 0 6 5 3 0 0 129 166 820
7 Central Visayas 59 10 2 6 4 2 0 1 45 92 570
8 Eastern Visayas 5 3 0 3 2 2 0 0 72 0 142
9 Zamboanga Peninsula 7 1 0 10 0 1 2 0 26 10 134
10 Northern Mindanao 19 3 0 9 11 1 3 1 51 49 256
11 Davao Region 33 7 0 12 10 2 0 0 22 47 386
12 SOCCSKSARGEN 1 8 0 5 47 0 0 0 48 86 273
13 Caraga 2 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 66 14 93
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 23 9 49

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 4c. NUMBER OF FIRE INCIDENTS BY REGION AND BY CAUSE
(2012)

Region Cause
Faulty
Electrical Wiring/
Connection
LPG-related Unattended Open Flame Sub-
Total
Neglected Cooking/
Stove
Cigarette
Butt
Torch/
"Sulo"
Candle/
"Gasera"
Matchstick/
Lighter
Direct Flame Contact or Static Electricity
Philippines 2,861 98 553 581 288 445 265 15 2,147
National Capital Region (NCR) 1,591 42 157 394 164 120 49 0 884
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) 34 0 29 6 0 11 10 0 56
1 Ilocos Region 35 0 15 1 6 11 6 0 39
2 Cagayan Valley 36 4 5 8 1 11 11 0 36
3 Central Luzon 118 8 40 14 0 44 14 2 114
4A CALABARZON 83 8 9 5 8 43 5 3 73
4B MIMAROPA 16 0 15 2 0 12 9 0 38
5 Bicol Region 34 1 20 7 6 10 2 0 45
6 Western Visayas 335 4 63 105 5 41 84 0 298
7 Central Visayas 194 17 51 15 48 39 27 3 183
8 Eastern Visayas 19 1 20 0 2 10 3 0 35
9 Zamboanga Peninsula 47 1 18 1 12 11 10 1 53
10 Northern Mindanao 88 1 30 7 4 21 4 0 66
11 Davao Region 175 7 56 10 21 36 17 6 146
12 SOCCSKSARGEN 41 2 23 6 10 16 14 0 69
13 Caraga 3 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 3
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 12 2 0 0 1 8 0 0 9

Region Cause Total
Neglected Electrical Appliances/
Devices
Electrical
Machineries
Chemicals Incendiary Device/
Mechanism or Ignited Flammable Liquid
Spontaneous Combustion Pyro-
technics
Bomb Explosion Lightning Under Investigation/
Unknown
Others
Philippines 396 71 76 79 175 43 8 11 2,303 530 8,798
National Capital Region (NCR) 163 22 69 6 38 11 4 3 530 61 3,424
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) 8 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 27 78 206
1 Ilocos Region 9 0 0 0 7 4 0 0 165 14 273
2 Cagayan Valley 13 1 0 2 1 3 0 1 29 17 143
3 Central Luzon 35 4 2 12 3 6 0 4 198 44 548
4A CALABARZON 11 4 2 1 0 5 0 0 322 14 523
4B MIMAROPA 5 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 99 0 161
5 Bicol Region 8 3 0 2 5 1 0 0 105 12 216
6 Western Visayas 29 6 2 10 4 5 0 0 249 48 990
7 Central Visayas 48 7 1 6 12 5 0 2 88 76 639
8 Eastern Visayas 8 1 0 2 0 1 0 0 100 1 168
9 Zamboanga Peninsula 5 1 0 4 2 0 0 0 65 10 188
10 Northern Mindanao 21 0 0 16 5 0 1 0 80 46 324
11 Davao Region 17 6 0 12 12 0 0 0 18 69 462
12 SOCCSKSARGEN 11 14 0 5 84 0 1 0 106 29 362
13 Caraga 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 96 3 105
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 5 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 26 8 66

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 4d. NUMBER OF FIRE INCIDENTS BY REGION AND BY CAUSE
(2013)

Region Cause
Faulty
Electrical Wiring/
Connection
LPG-related Unattended Open Flame Sub-
Total
Neglected Cooking/
Stove
Cigarette
Butt
Torch/
"Sulo"
Candle/
"Gasera"
Matchstick/
Lighter
Direct Flame Contact or Static Electricity
Philippines 3,532 104 647   736 702 504 420 13 3,022
National Capital Region (NCR) 1,812 39 151   399 182 119 33  0  884
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)  39   1 23 29 2 12 32  0    98
1  Ilocos Region  50   8 17 14 1 20 6  0    58
2  Cagayan Valley 52   4 15 12 4 24 12  0    67
3  Central Luzon 242 15 42 49 1 52 19  0  163
4A  CALABARZON 150   1 24 13 333 36 9 5 420
4B  MIMAROPA 10  0  6 2 1 3 2  0    14
5  Bicol Region 49   2 20 4   13 13 6  0    56
6  Western Visayas 352   2 80 86 8 52 186  0  412
7  Central Visayas 299 14 68 68   48 55 58 7 304
8  Eastern Visayas 26   3 38 7   30 12 10  0    97
9  Zamboanga Peninsula 41  0  13 7 5 16 8  0    49
10  Northern Mindanao 147   2 51 12   17 26 11  0  117
11  Davao Region 221 11 67 22   38 37 24 1 189
12  SOCCSKSARGEN 26   2 27 11   19 22 3  0    82
13  Caraga 2  0  1  0   0   0   0   0  1
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 14  0  4 1  0  5 1  0    11

 

Region Cause Total
Neglected Electrical Appliances/
Devices
Electrical
Machineries
Chemicals Incendiary Device/
Mechanism or Ignited Flammable Liquid
Spontaneous Combustion Pyro-
technics
Bomb Explosion Lightning Under Investigation/
Unknown
Others
Philippines   408 74   63 89   315 43 12 7   3,154 1,478 12,301
National Capital Region (NCR)   128 18   54   6 23 10 6 1   594 116   3,691
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)    3   1  0    4  0  9  0  2 59 120   336
1  Ilocos Region  12  0  1  0    1 2  0   0    230   83   445
2  Cagayan Valley 10   1  0    5   4  0   0  1 55   50   249
3  Central Luzon 57   5  0  10   5 7  0  1   176 206   887
4A  CALABARZON 18   2 3  0    2  0  2  0    412 339   1,349
4B  MIMAROPA   5   1  0    4   2  0   0   0    124  0    160
5  Bicol Region 10  0  1   8   4 4  0   0    114   22   270
6  Western Visayas 33 10  0    5   9 5  0  1   460 187   1,476
7  Central Visayas 42 15 1 13 21 3  0   0    147 103   962
8  Eastern Visayas   7   3  0    1   1  0   0   0    146 1   285
9  Zamboanga Peninsula 10   3  0    2   3 2  0  1   116   13   240
10  Northern Mindanao 18   1 2 14   5 1 1  0    124 152   584
11  Davao Region 36   6 1 13   9  0  2  0  48   81   617
12  SOCCSKSARGEN 15   8  0    4   225  0  1  0    163 1   527
13  Caraga  0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0    134  0    137
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)   4  0   0   0    1  0   0   0  52 4 86

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

 

Table 4e. MAJOR CAUSES OF FIRE INCIDENTS BY REGION
(2010-2013)

Region Major Causes of Fires Total
Major Causes of Fires
Percent Share Other Causes of Fires Percent Share 4-Year Total
(2010-2013)
Faulty
Electrical Wiring/
Connection
Percent Share Unattended
Open Flame
Percent Share Neglected Electrical Appliances/
Devices
Percent Share
Philippines 12,066   29.6 10,521   25.9 1,585   3.9 24,172   59.4   16,524   40.6   40,696
National Capital Region (NCR)   6,788   45.1   4,104   27.2 570   3.8   11,462   76.1   3,599   23.9   15,061
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)  138   13.7 258   25.6 17   1.7 413   41.1 593   58.9   1,006
1  Ilocos Region  160   11.9 253   18.8 33   2.4 446   33.1 902   66.9   1,348
2  Cagayan Valley 150   21.9 174   25.4 47   6.9 371   54.2 314   45.8 685
3  Central Luzon 596   23.4 479   18.8 164   6.4   1,239   48.7   1,305   51.3   2,544
4A  CALABARZON 389   11.3   1,393   40.3 71   2.1   1,853   53.6   1,601   46.4   3,454
4B  MIMAROPA 72   12.7 125   22.0 18   3.2 215   37.9 352   62.1 567
5  Bicol Region 170   18.4 212   23.0 40   4.3 422   45.7 501   54.3 923
6  Western Visayas   1,276   24.8   1,072   20.8 115   2.2   2,463   47.8   2,685   52.2   5,148
7  Central Visayas 850   29.6 883   30.7 204   7.1   1,937   67.4 936   32.6   2,873
8  Eastern Visayas 90   11.9 195   25.8 27   3.6 312   41.3 444   58.7 756
9  Zamboanga Peninsula 167   22.8 218   29.7 35   4.8 420   57.3 313   42.7 733
10  Northern Mindanao 356   23.6 275   18.2 73   4.8 704   46.6 807   53.4   1,511
11  Davao Region 680   35.2 579   29.9 123   6.4   1,382   71.5 552   28.5   1,934
12  SOCCSKSARGEN 113   7.8 257   17.7 34   2.3 404   27.8   1,047   72.2   1,451
13  Caraga 13   3.0 7   1.6 2   0.5 22   5.0 415   95.0 437
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 58   21.9 37   14.0 12   4.5 107   40.4 158   59.6 265

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 5a. NUMBER OF FIRE INCIDENTS BY REGION AND BY AREA AFFECTED
(2010)

Region Area Affected
Residential Commercial Mixed Type Occupancy Forest/
Grassland 
Others
Philippines 4,033 1,104 201 3,374 1,553
National Capital Region (NCR)   1,172 266 31   1,480 1,132
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)    110 23   7   116   4
1  Ilocos Region  152 53 5 40   12
2  Cagayan Valley 77 44 3 16   1
3  Central Luzon 320 126 23 22   14
4A  CALABARZON 259 83 31 323   4
4B  MIMAROPA 65 22 6 4   7
5  Bicol Region 161 32 7 13   5
6  Western Visayas 482 96 22 920   298
7  Central Visayas 339 91 21 181   32
8  Eastern Visayas 99 35 15 1   2
9  Zamboanga Peninsula 94 30 9 30   3
10  Northern Mindanao 163 56 3 110   3
11  Davao Region 255 78 8 68   30
12  SOCCSKSARGEN 165 37 9 48   4
13  Caraga 73 23  0   0    2
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)   47 9   1   2  0 

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 5b. NUMBER OF FIRE INCIDENTS BY REGION AND BY AREA AFFECTED
(2011)

Region Area Affected
Residential Commercial Mixed Type Occupancy Forest/
Grassland 
Others
Philippines 3,593 1,401 209 1,511 1,557
National Capital Region (NCR) 963 455 35 773 1,235
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)  102 22 19 36   4
1  Ilocos Region  171 48   3 78 29
2  Cagayan Valley 87 29   4   1   7
3  Central Luzon 344 117 18 15   8
4A  CALABARZON 282 96 17 428   4
4B  MIMAROPA 85 24   9   1   9
5  Bicol Region 143 41 10  0    3
6  Western Visayas 303 159 24 107 190
7  Central Visayas 331 104 23 17 41
8  Eastern Visayas 88 33   9   1   2
9  Zamboanga Peninsula 79 38   9  0    3
10  Northern Mindanao 158 57   9   4   4
11  Davao Region 218 100 10   4   8
12  SOCCSKSARGEN 147 46   9 46   7
13  Caraga 56 23  0   0    2
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 36   9   1  0    1

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 5c. NUMBER OF FIRE INCIDENTS BY REGION AND BY AREA AFFECTED
(2012)

Region Area Affected
Residential Commercial Mixed Type Occupancy Forest/
Grassland 
Others
Philippines 4,079 1,413 223 987 1,621
National Capital Region (NCR)   1,056 269 49 596 1,268
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)    106 20   9   47   7
1  Ilocos Region  178 46 11 6   10
2  Cagayan Valley 86 28 2 5  0 
3  Central Luzon 355 117 20 4   3
4A  CALABARZON 348 116 12 3   5
4B  MIMAROPA 94 32 17 7   2
5  Bicol Region 131 47 7  0    14
6  Western Visayas 430 107 15 176   225
7  Central Visayas 346 162 19 42   34
8  Eastern Visayas 104 123 11 1   1
9  Zamboanga Peninsula 117 46 11 1   5
10  Northern Mindanao 207 77 5 5   7
11  Davao Region 258 115 12 9   25
12  SOCCSKSARGEN 165 62 11 84   9
13  Caraga 61 29 5 1   2
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)   37 17   7  0    4

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 5d. NUMBER OF FIRE INCIDENTS BY REGION AND BY AREA AFFECTED
(2013)

Region Area Affected
Residential Commercial Mixed Type Occupancy Forest/
Grassland 
Others
Philippines 5,078 1,565 225 2,517 487
National Capital Region (NCR)   1,131 292 42 635   138
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)    126 29   7 137   10
1  Ilocos Region  234 44 3 83   41
2  Cagayan Valley 127 42 11 33   12
3  Central Luzon 412 148 13 184   5
4A  CALABARZON 499 164 21 483   23
4B  MIMAROPA 107 19 8 8   3
5  Bicol Region 155 54 8 11   22
6  Western Visayas 537 109 23 413   129
7  Central Visayas 481 150 27 132   40
8  Eastern Visayas 155 64 9 37   6
9  Zamboanga Peninsula 161 48 11 5   8
10  Northern Mindanao 295 131 8 75   17
11  Davao Region 327 156 4 42   26
12  SOCCSKSARGEN 185 67 16 236   4
13  Caraga 94 28 6  0    3
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)   52 20   8 3  0 

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 6a. NUMBER OF FIRE INCIDENTS BY REGION AND BY FIRE CASE
(2010)

Region Fire Case Total
Accidental Intentional/
Arson
Under Investigation Undetermined
Philippines 8,233   253 2,062   225   10,773
National Capital Region (NCR)   3,612 46 556   74   4,288
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)  216 9 37 11 273
1  Ilocos Region  127 8 134   7 276
2  Cagayan Valley 105 7 40  0  152
3  Central Luzon 303 7 206   30 546
4A  CALABARZON 391 47 291  0  729
4B  MIMAROPA 59 8 46  0  113
5  Bicol Region 126 14 84   5 229
6  Western Visayas   1,613 16 211   22   1,862
7  Central Visayas 566 30 84   22 702
8  Eastern Visayas 65 14 63   19 161
9  Zamboanga Peninsula 137 6 27   1 171
10  Northern Mindanao 257 10 65   15 347
11  Davao Region 415 12 35   7 469
12  SOCCSKSARGEN 132 8 146   3 289
13  Caraga 67 1 34  0  102
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 42 10 3 9 64

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 6b. NUMBER OF FIRE INCIDENTS BY REGION AND BY FIRE CASE
(2011)

Region Fire Case Total
Accidental Intentional/
Arson
Under Investigation Undetermined
Philippines 6,449 189 2,056 130 8,824
National Capital Region (NCR) 3,155 14 450 39 3,658
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)  157   5 28   1 191
1  Ilocos Region  183   8 154   9 354
2  Cagayan Valley 91 10 40  0  141
3  Central Luzon 347 11 177 28 563
4A  CALABARZON 510  0  339  0  849
4B  MIMAROPA 69   8 59  0  136
5  Bicol Region 110   9 86   2 207
6  Western Visayas 632 24 156   8 820
7  Central Visayas 462 18 80 12 572
8  Eastern Visayas 43   8 90  0  141
9  Zamboanga Peninsula 87 18 30  0  135
10  Northern Mindanao 118 20 111   6 255
11  Davao Region 329 14 22 22 387
12  SOCCSKSARGEN 122 20 130   1 273
13  Caraga 12   1 80  0  93
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 22   1 24   2 49

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 6c. NUMBER OF FIRE INCIDENTS BY REGION AND BY FIRE CASE
(2012)

Region Fire Case Total
Accidental Intentional/
Arson
Under Investigation Undetermined
Philippines 6,038 218 2,372 170 8,798
National Capital Region (NCR) 2,896 21 466 41 3,424
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)  171   3 32  0  206
1  Ilocos Region  107   6 153   7 273
2  Cagayan Valley 97 17 29  0  143
3  Central Luzon 326 13 198 11 548
4A  CALABARZON 88   2 396 37 523
4B  MIMAROPA 50   8 103  0  161
5  Bicol Region 106 10 81 19 216
6  Western Visayas 719 23 233 15 990
7  Central Visayas 503 37 85 14 639
8  Eastern Visayas 58   6 104  0  168
9  Zamboanga Peninsula 113 15 56   4 188
10  Northern Mindanao 187 17 117   3 324
11  Davao Region 357 22 65 18 462
12  SOCCSKSARGEN 214 13 135  0  362
13  Caraga   8   2 95  0  105
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 38   3 24   1 66

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 6d. NUMBER OF FIRE INCIDENTS BY REGION AND BY FIRE CASE
(2013)

Region Fire Case Total
Accidental Intentional/
Arson
Under Investigation Undetermined
Philippines 8,630 257 3,330 84   12,301
National Capital Region (NCR) 3,029 13 649  0  3,691
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)  268   3 58   7 336
1  Ilocos Region  199   3 243  0  445
2  Cagayan Valley 169 22 54   4 249
3  Central Luzon 701 10 176  0  887
4A  CALABARZON 764   8 576   1 1,349
4B  MIMAROPA 22 10 128  0  160
5  Bicol Region 134 24 107   5 270
6  Western Visayas 985 20 459 12 1,476
7  Central Visayas 785 36 133   8 962
8  Eastern Visayas 137 12 134   2 285
9  Zamboanga Peninsula 118   6 116  0  240
10  Northern Mindanao 416 24 133 11 584
11  Davao Region 522 39 22 34 617
12  SOCCSKSARGEN 343 21 163  0  527
13  Caraga   2   5 130  0  137
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) 36   1 49  0  86

Legend: (1) _ (nil or 0); ... (data not available); (2) CALABARZON - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon; (3) MIMAROPA - Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan; (4) SOCCSKSARGEN - South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City.
Source: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)

Table 7. RATIO OF FIREMEN TO POPULATION
(2010-2013)

Year Number of Firemen Total Population Ratio
2010 16,777   92,602,279 1:5,520
2011 16,627   94,184,504 1:5,665
2012 16,252   95,771,064 1:5,893
2013

Notes: (1) Fireman-to-Population Ratio - is the ratio of the total number of firemen to the total population in a given area; it indicates the adequacy of the firefighting manpower to safeguard lives and property from all destructive fires; (2) Based on international standards, the ideal fireman-to-population ratio is 1:2,000; and (3) Per methodology advised by the NSO, the NSCB Technical Staff computed the annual population estimates using curvilinear interpolation at decelerating rates, with the results of the 2000 and 2010 Censuses of Population and Housing (CPH)s as start and end dates of the reference population.
Sources of Basic Data: Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP), National Statistics Office (NSO) and National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)


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