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Factsheet
RV-FS#01, Series of 2013

Did you know that . . .

Catanduanes is top Bicol province in human development?

  Figure 1. Human Development Index
by Component and Province
Region V: 2009

 
 

Catanduanes topped other Bicol provinces in human development in 2009 as measured by the Human Development Index (HDI). At an HDI of 0.630, Catanduanes ranked 21st among the provinces in the country. This is based on the 2009 Human Development Index (HDI) jointly released by the National Statistical Coordination Board and Human Development Network (HDN). Albay followed at 0.518, Sorsogon at 0.512, Camarines Sur at 0.511, Camarines Norte at 0.488 and Masbate at 0.422.

Human development is defined as a process of enlarging people's choices that can be infinite and change over time. At all levels of development, the three essential ones are for people to lead a long and healthy life (measured by the life expectancy index), to acquire knowledge (measured by the education index) and to have access to resources needed for a decent standard of living (measured by the income index). The absence of these essential choices can give rise to inaccessibility of many other opportunities. The HDI aggregates these three basic dimensions into a summary measure.

Camarines Sur had the longest estimated life expectancy at birth in 2009 at 74.6 years, 2.6 years longer than the national average. This translates into a life expectancy index of 0.864, seventh highest among provinces of the country.

Albayís education index of 0.858, topped all other provinces of the region and ranked 25th highest among the provinces of the country. Catanduanes ranked second with an education index of 0.841, landing at rank 34th at the national level. Sorsogonís education index of 0.820 was third highest in the region and 43rd in the country.

In terms of income, Catanduanes again surpassed the income index (0.393) of the other five provinces and ranked 14th at the national level. It was followed by Camarines Norte at 0.205. Sorsogon, Albay and Camarines Sur followed closely at 0.192, 0.191 and 0.189 respectively. Masbate ranked sixth with income index of 0.134. It should be noted however that all the income indices of the regionís six provinces are classified as low, considering that Bicol is the fourth poorest region of the country.

There were provinces however, that may have leveraged their resources relatively well for human development. These are the provinces whose HDI ranks were higher than their per capita income ranks like Albay (+12), Camarines Sur (+7) and Sorsogon (+6). This maybe an indication that these provinces have redirected their resources towards essential basic services to further human development of their constituents.

Table 1. Human Development Index by Component and Province
Region V: 2009

Province HDI Indices
Life Expectancy Education Income
 Albay 0.518 0.848 0.858 0.191
 Camarines Norte 0.488 0.720 0.786 0.205
 Camarines Sur 0.511 0.864 0.814 0.189
 Catanduanes 0.630 0.756 0.841 0.393
 Masbate 0.422 0.745 0.754 0.134
 Sorsogon 0.512 0.849 0.820 0.192

The 2009 HDI had undergone refinements just as global refinements had been made by the Human Development Network (HDN). One of these refinements is the computation of the education index which used to be two-thirds of the high school graduate ratio and one-third of basic enrolment ratio. The refined HDI now uses mean years of schooling and expected years of schooling having equal weights.

For the income index, instead of using the 1997 real per capita income in NCR as base, it now uses the 2009 real per capita income in NCR. Life expectancy at birth remains as the health index of the HDI. And finally, while before the aggregation method of the HDI used the arithmetic mean of the three sub-indices, it now uses the geometric mean of the three sub-indices.

   

 
Source:
National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Date posted: January 14, 2013

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