Headlines Statistically Speaking

ARE WE READY FOR ASEAN INTEGRATION?
by Dr. Romulo A. Virola1

ARE WE READY FOR ASEAN INTEGRATION?Last week, President Aquino went to Vladivostok, Russia to participate in the 2012 Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Leaders Meeting.  The APEC 2012 priorities were to cover: i) trade and investment liberalization, regional economic integration; ii) strengthening food security; iii) establishing reliable supply chains; and iv) intensive cooperation to foster innovative growth.2  Part of the President’s agenda would have been a one-on-one meeting with President Hu Jintao of China, but you know what? The two leaders had “scheduling problems,” so the meeting did not take place.  Even if they were not supposed to discuss Scarborough. Such subtleties of diplomacy!

Within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), in case
you did not know or remember, regional economic integration by 2015 is the major agenda! Among others, trade is expected to be facilitated and regional cooperation is expected to be strengthened. The European Union had been a model for the ASEAN integration, but with the financial woes now cracking the  Eurozone, the integration strategies certainly need a reexamination.
And so a big challenge it will be for our very own Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) Undersecretary Alicia Bala, who has just been appointed as a deputy secretary general of the ASEAN Secretariat for three years from 8 September 2012 t0 7 September 20153USec. Bala has been
a very active and supportive partner4 in the Philippine Statistical System and we are confident Alice will do us proud in the ASEAN! Congratulations, USec. Bala

In the meantime, are we in the ASEAN ready for the integration? In particular, what have we in the Philippines done to prepare ourselves? Will we be able to stand up, or will we wobble amidst the many challenges and opportunities that come with integration? Three years before the ASEAN integration (and Millennium Development Goal (MDG) reckoning) in 2015, it would be good to do some benchmarking. Where do we stand compared to our ASEAN brothers and sisters?1

In September 2004, Statistically Speaking featured the article, “The ASEAN – Where Do We Stand? Or Wobble?”.  It reported that the Philippines was somewhere in the middle among the 10 ASEAN countries for most indicators –  “about kulelat among the original ASEAN members (Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and the Philippines) but still generally ahead of the Plus Five (Myanmar, Brunei, Lao PDR, Cambodia and Vietnam).”  The said article promised that, “six years from now, we will find out if we could walk straight or if our feet continued to wobble and our minds had started to boggle.”  Indeed, in 2010 during the 11th National Convention on Statistics, the lead author of this month’s article  co-wrote a related paper with Dir. Candido J. Astrologo, Jr. and Ms. Patricia Rivera5. Lest we forget that ASEAN integration will usher in cooperation as well as competition, another update will be helpful to remind us that we have to work hard to reap the benefits of our economic integration towards a cohesive ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community. And time is running very short! 

For the 2012 update, available data from different sources including the United Nations, International Telecommunications Union, and the ASEAN Secretariat were used.  It must be reiterated, however, that the methodologies used in compiling these data are usually different from those used for official statistics. Because international bodies  generate their datasets with international comparability as a primary consideration.

So, where do we stand compared to our ASEAN neighbors?

 

First, the good news …

2

 

In terms of annual growth rates of GDP and GDP per capita, from 2nd lowest in 2002-2004,  the Philippines moved up to 5th highest in 2005-2010. (Table 1)

 

 

 

3

The Philippine fiscal deficit as a percentage of GDP has gone down from 5.4% in 2002 to 3.9% in 2009. And the 2012 number could look even better. (Table 1)

 

 

 

4

We have managed to reduce the pupil-teacher ratio from 35 in 2002 to 31 in 2009 for primary education, and from 38 in 2002 to 35 in 2009 for secondary education. (Table 5)

 

5

 

Our adult literacy rate remains the highest in ASEAN! (Table 3)

 

 

 

The not-so-good news…

 

The Philippines continues to have the 3rd highest population growth rate among 10 ASEAN countries. Between 2005 and 2011, Thailand had the lowest annual population growth rate, while the highest population growth happened, would you believe, in Singapore? (Table 1)

 

On tourist arrivals, the Philippines continues to record the 6th highest (or 5th lowest) between 2002 and 2011. We certainly gained grounds with the inclusion of the Puerto Princesa Underground River among the New 7 Wonders of Nature and with that beautiful shot of Coron towards the end of, I hope you watched it,  Bourne Legacy. But we have to work even harder to convince the rest of the world that indeed, it’s more fun in the Philippines! And of course, let us convince our fellow Filipinos. But first, couldn’t we make local tourism less expensive? (Table 1)

 

The country’s teaching staff in primary education was 2nd highest in the Region between 2002 and 2010, next only to Indonesia.  However, in secondary education, the teaching staff in the Philippines between 2002 and 2009 was on the average, only 4th highest in the Region, behind Indonesia, Vietnam, and Thailand. (Table 2)

In terms of gross enrolment ratio between 2002 and 2009, the story is reversed.  The Philippines ranked, on the average, 6th highest (or 5th lowest) in primary education but 2nd highest in secondary education, behind Brunei Darussalam. (Table 2)

In terms of net enrolment ratio during the same period, the Philippines maintained its ranking as 4th highest both in primary and secondary education. (Table 2)

 

In terms of the human development index (HDI), the Philippines consistently ranked 5th highest behind Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia, and Thailand. But the 6th placed-country, Indonesia, is closing in on us! (Table 3)

 

Our maternal mortality ratio and under-five mortality ratio consistently ranked 5th lowest (or 6th highest).  (Table 3)

 

 

And boy, oh boy, the bad news…

6

In 2002, we had the 5th highest per capita GDP in current US $. By 2010, we had been overtaken by Indonesia, with Vietnam right behind us.  However, the ratio of our per capita GDP to that of Vietnam had been eroded from 2.32 in 2002 to 1.81 in 2010. Yes, indeed, the Vietnamese are coming! (Table 1)

 

7

In terms of annual growth rates of merchandise exports, from 4th lowest between 2002-2004, we went down to bottom during the period 2005-2010. In fact, while in 2004 we exported about one-and-a-half times that by Vietnam, in 2009, it was Vietnam that exported one-and-a-half times our exports. (Table 1)

View Motion Bubble Chart below

 

8

Between 2002-2004 and 2005-2010, the Philippines remains to post the 2nd slowest annual growth rate in foreign direct investments inflow. In terms of levels, we are ahead only of Myanmar, Cambodia, LaoPDR, and Brunei Darussalam! Hopefully, when the 2012 data all come in, our position would look better! (Table 1)

 

9

From 2002 to 2008, the Philippine unemployment rate was either highest or second highest (after Indonesia) in the Region. Job creation, indeed, needs to be addressed. When we looked at the income and expenditures of LGUs 6, we pointed to the enormous savings of many of the cities, municipalities, and provinces. Why couldn’t we use those savings to generate employment? (Table 1)

 

 

10

While our relative standing as a tourist destination in ASEAN remains the same (6th in 2002, 6th in 2011), ahead of Cambodia (7th in 2011) but behind Vietnam (5th in 2011), our edge over Cambodia has gone down and we have slid farther away from Vietnam. We used to receive about two-and-a-half times the tourists in Cambodia and three-fourths the tourists in Vietnam. Now, it is down to one-and-a-half times and two-thirds, respectively. (Table 1)

Our standing in terms of life expectancy slipped down one rank, from 6th highest in 2000 and 2005-2007  to 7th highest (or 4th lowest) in 2008-2011. Good thing we still have Assistant Secretary Eric Tayag at the Department of Health! For a medical doctor, Eric’s knowledge of and appreciation for statistics are truly impressive and we could only wish that he would remain in government forever. (Table 3)

 

11

We may be the “texting capital of the world,” but in terms of mobile cellular subscriptions per 100 individuals, the Philippine ranking has been slowly, surely slipping away – from 4th highest in 2002, down to 5th highest between 2003 and 2007, 6th highest (or 5th lowest) in 2008-2009, and 7th highest (or 4th lowest) in 2010-2011. (Table 4)

Further, in terms of fixed telephone subscriptions per 100 individuals, the Philippines ranked on the average, 6th highest (or 5th lowest) between 2002 and 2004;  but this went down to, on the average, 7th highest  between 2005 and 2011. (Table 4)

Likewise, in terms of fixed internet subscriptions per 100 individuals, while the Philippines ranked on the average, 4th highest between 2002 and 2004, between 2005 and 2009, the Philippines went down to, on the average, 5th highest. (Table 4)

 

12

 

And while we have reduced the pupil load of our teachers from 2002 to 2009 in both primary and secondary education, the reduction we gained was not as fast as in countries behind us (Cambodia) nor in countries already ahead of us (Vietnam). (Table 5)

 

 

 

13

We have the 2nd highest gross enrolment ratio in secondary education but we only have the 4th highest number of teaching staff. (Table 2) This may reflect on the quality of our secondary education and with K to 12 now in place, we would need even more teachers. The Department of Budget and Management (DBM) and the Department of Education (DepEd) had better be serious, very serious, about the hiring of those 60,000 new teachers to keep the student-classroom ratio to the desired levels of 25 from kindergarten to Grade 2 and 45 from Grade 3 to high school.  In the good old days, the numbers seemed smaller, so maybe we should consider hiring even more of those noble teachers.  And if we could exempt employees working in government corporations from the standardization law, why oh why, couldn’t we pay our overworked teachers a lot more? If only to stop the Filipino diaspora that has incurred so much social cost to our children who have been left behind by their parents to work abroad!

 

ASEAN INTEGRATION CHALLENGE

 

14

Statistics show that there are more bad news than good news!  Eight years ago, we wrote how wobbly we were compared to our ASEAN neighbors. Sadly, based on the statistics presented, the Philippines appears  to be even more  wobbly. But let us not lose hope.   Last month, Statistically Speaking referred to the world expectation on the emergence of TIP and  N117, where P in TIP stands for the Philippines and the Philippines is part of N11 as well.  And just last week, the Philippines gained 10 notches in global competitiveness ranking, jumping to 65th out of 144 countries, up from  last year’s 75th.8  Yes, we can win victories and we will win victories. But only if we work hard. Together! Only if we succeed in designing strategies to convert 15our weaknesses into strengths.  We have lost Sec. Robredo and the entire nation mourned; but we have many more good men and women in government.

 

 

Meanwhile, Statistically Speaking had written9 about the decline in marriage rate among Pinoys, possibly because of the increasing cost of tying the knot. Yes, inviting all your friends when getting married has become quite expensive!  But do you know that among the 44 Presidents the US has had10, 9 of them were single while in the White House11, though many were widowers? Only one was single when elected and remained single while serving his term as President – James Buchanan, the 15th US President12. We, of course, have a bachelor president in PNoy whose rating has gone significantly up according to the Social Weather Stations (SWS). 

Happy 112th Anniversary to the Civil Service Commission!

 

Reactions and views are welcome thru email to the author at ravirola@yahoo.com

________________________________

1 Invited author and former Secretary General of the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB). He holds a Ph. D. in Statistics from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, U.S.A. and taught mathematics and statistics at the University of the Philippines. He is also a past president of the Philippine Statistical Association. This article was co-written by Ms. Jessamyn O. Encarnacion, Mr. Gerald Junne L. Clariño, and Mr. Priscille C. Villanueva, Director, Statistical Coordination Officer (SCO) I, and SCO I, respectively, of the NSCB. The authors thank Noel S. Nepomuceno, Candido J. Astrologo, Jr., Albert A. Garcia, Gerald A. Virola, Simonette M. Nisperos, Edwin U. Aragon, and Sonny U. Gutierrez, for the assistance in the preparation of the article. The views expressed in the article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the NSCB.

2 http://www.apec2012.ru/docs/about/apec2012.html

3 USec. Bala will serve on secondment status from the DSWD. http://www.dswd.gov.ph/2012/09/usec-bala/

4 USec. Bala is a member of the NSCB Executive Board and of  the NSCB Technical Committee on Poverty Statistics. She was also Chairperson of the Adhoc Working Group on the Chapter on Social Protection Statistics of the Philippine Statistical Development Program 2011-2017.

5 Virola, Romulo A., Astrologo, Candido J., and Rivera, Patricia. Disturbing Statistics: The Philippines Compared to Our ASEAN Neighbors. 11th National Convention on Statistics. National Statistical Coordination Board. October 2010. (http://www.nscb.gov.ph/ncs/11thNCS/papers/contributed%20papers/cps-02/02_Disturbing%20Statistics_the%20Philippines%20Compared%20to%20our%20ASEAN%20Neighbors.pdf)

6 http://www.nscb.gov.ph/headlines/StatSpeak/2012/051412_rav_topcities2.asp; www.nscb.gov.ph/StatSpeak/2010/101110_rav_gjlc_pv_topmunicipalites.asp

7 http://www.nscb.gov.ph/headlines/StatsSpeak/2012/081312_rav_sae.asp

8 http://business.inquirer.net/80506/ph-climbs-10-notches-to-65th-in-wef-competitiveness-ranking

9 http://www.nscb.gov.ph/headlnes/StatSpeak/2008/021108_lvc_marriage.asp

10 http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents

11 http://news.yahoo.com/video/whoknew-19124225/white-house-singles-how-many-us-presidents-have-been-single-while-in-the-white-house-30396110.html

12 http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamesbuchanan

 

 

Figure 1. Motion Bubble Chart
(How to use the Motion Bubble Chart)

"Select Philippines and Vietnam from the bottom right of the chart to view how the latter is catching up with the Philippines."

 

 

 

Table 1. Some macroeconomic indicators of ASEAN countries

Country Population (in thousand) 1/ Annualized population
growth rate
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2002-2004 Rank 2005-2011 Rank
Brunei Darussalam   342 349   356   363   370   378  385   392  399 406 2.08 2 1.88 2
Cambodia   12,845   13,024   13,194   13,358   13,516   13,670   13,823   13,978   14,138   14,305 1.35 6 1.15 6
Indonesia 219,026 221,839 224,607 227,303 229,919 232,462 234,951 237,414 239,871 242,326 1.27 7 1.07 8
Lao PDR 5,497 5,582 5,667 5,753 5,842 5,931 6,022 6,112 6,201 6,288 1.54 5 1.49 5
Malaysia   24,515   25,060   25,590   26,100   26,586   27,051   27,502   27,949   28,401   28,859 2.17 1 1.69 4
Myanmar   45,609   45,844   46,070   46,321   46,605   46,916   47,250   47,601   47,963   48,337 0.50 10 0.71 9
Philippines   80,630   82,294   83,937   85,546   87,116   88,653   90,173   91,703   93,261   94,852 2.03 3 1.74 3
Singapore 4,032 4,086 4,160 4,266 4,410 4,585 4,772 4,946 5,086 5,188 1.57 4 3.31 1
Thailand   64,643   65,370   66,060   66,698   67,276   67,796   68,268   68,706   69,122   69,519 1.09 8 0.69 10
Viet Nam   80,501   81,377   82,263   83,161   84,076   85,007   85,952   86,901   87,848   88,792 1.09 9 1.10 7

 

Country Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at current prices (in US$ million) 3/ Rank a/ Annualized GDP
growth rate
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2002-2004 Rank 2005-2010 Rank
Brunei Darussalam   5,843   6,557   7,872 ; 9,531 11,470 12,247 14,394 10,733 13,024 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 16.1 2 6.4 10
Cambodia   4,289   4,665   5,338 6,293 7,275 8,639   10,352   10,402   11,272 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 11.6 6 12.4 7
Indonesia 195,661 234,772   256,837 285,869 364,571 432,216 510,229 539,356 707,448 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 14.6 3 19.9 2
Lao PDR   1,746   2,031   2,397 2,739 3,325 4,214 5,285 5,585 6,496 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 17.2 1 18.8 3
Malaysia 100,846 110,202   124,749 137,954 156,601 186,774 222,574 192,917 237,797 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 11.2 8 11.5 9
Myanmar   10,369   9,925   10,254   11,931   13,852   18,233   25,859   32,805   42,027 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 -0.6 10 28.6 1
Philippines   81,358   83,908   91,371 103,072 122,211 149,360 174,195 168,335 199,591 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6.0 9 14.1 5
Singapore 90,640 95,957  112,697 125,429 145,332 177,329 189,384 183,332 222,699 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 11.5 7 12.2 8
Thailand 126,877 142,640   161,340 176,352 207,089 246,977 272,578 263,711 318,850 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 12.8 5 12.6 6
Viet Nam   35,064   39,553   45,428   52,917   60,913   71,016   91,094   97,180 103,902 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 13.8 4 14.4 4

* Still no data for 2011

Country GDP Per Capita at current prices (in US$) Rank a/ Annualized GDP per capita
growth rate
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2002-2004 Rank 2005-2010 Rank
Brunei Darussalam 17,107 18,801 22,116 26,249 30,975 32,442 37,415 27,391 32,648 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 13.7 2 4.5 10
Cambodia 334 358 405 471 538 632 749 744 797 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 10.1 6 11.1 7
Indonesia 893    1,058    1,143    1,258    1,586    1,859    2,172    2,272    2,949 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 13.1 3 18.6 2
Lao PDR 318 364 423 476 569 710 878 914    1,048 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 15.4 1 17.1 3
Malaysia    4,114    4,398    4,875    5,286    5,890    6,904    8,093    6,902    8,373 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 8.9 8 9.6 8
Myanmar 227 216 223 258 297 389 547 689 876 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 9 -1.1 10 27.7 1
Philippines    1,009    1,020    1,089    1,205    1,403    1,685    1,932    1,836    2,140 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 3.9 9 12.2 5
Singapore 22,479 23,484 27,090 29,402 32,955 38,677 39,685 37,069 43,783 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9.8 7 8.3 9
Thailand    1,963    2,182    2,442    2,644    3,078    3,643    3,993    3,838    4,613 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 11.5 5 11.8 6
Viet Nam 436 486 552 636 725 835    1,060    1,118    1,183 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 12.6 4 13.2 4

* Still no data for 2011

Country Merchandise Exports (in US$ million) Rank a/ Annualized growth rate
of exports
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2002-2004 Rank 2005-2009 Rank
Brunei Darussalam 2,690.9 3,211.1 5,062.3 6,369.3 7,619.4 7,653.2 8,754.2 7,168.6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 37.2 1 2.4 8
Cambodia 1,916.1 2,115.7 2,506.3 3,091.5 3,514.4 3,905.5 4,249.2 4,985.8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 14.4 5 10.0 4
Indonesia 57,158.8 61,058.2 71,584.6 85,660.0 100,798.6 114,100.9 137,020.4 116,510.0 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 11.9 6 6.3 6
Lao PDR no data 143.9 106.4 174.1 402.7 381.9 827.7 1,237.2 n.a. 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 n.a. n.a. 48.0 1
Malaysia 93,277.2 104,982.7 126,510.6 140,470.5 157,226.9 176,205.6 194,495.9 156,890.9 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 16.5 4 2.2 9
Myanmar 2,452.2 4,463.8 1,987.7 3,123.8 3,514.8 5,933.4 6,620.6 6,341.5 7 6 9 8 8 8 8 8 -10.0 8 15.2 2
Philippines 35,208.2 36,231.2 39,680.5 41,254.7 47,410.1 50,465.7 49,025.5 38,334.7 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6.2 7 -1.5 10
Singapore 125,042.7 159,900.1 198,553.5 229,804.1 271,607.9 299,297.4 241,404.7 269,832.5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 26.0 2 3.3 7
Thailand 66,108.2 80,450.1 97,361.4 109,622.6 121,579.5 153,571.1 174,966.7 152,497.2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 21.4 3 6.8 5
Viet Nam no data no data 26,015.9 28,576.5 37,033.7 48,288.9 61,777.8 56,691.0 n.a. n.a. 6 6 6 6 5 5 n.a. n.a. 14.7 3

* Still no data for 2010 and 2011

Country Merchandise Imports (in US$ million) Rank a/ Annualized growth rate of imports
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2002-2004 Rank 2005-2009 Rank
Brunei Darussalam 1,600.4 1,351.9 1,514.4 1,503.1 1,488.9 2,096.7 3,106.0 2,399.6 7 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 -2.7 6 9.8 5
Cambodia 1,664.8 2,906.4 2,004.5 2,824.7 2,923.0 3,675.1 4,476.3 3,900.9 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 9.7 5 6.7 6
Indonesia 31,288.9 32,550.7 46,524.5 57,700.9 61,065.5 74,473.4 129,197.3 96,829.2 4 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 21.9 2 10.9 4
Lao PDR no data 338.1 504.7 701.8 587.5 711.1 1,803.2 1,725.0 n.a. 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 n.a. n.a. 19.7 1
Malaysia 78,797.8 83,519.2 105,283.4 114,213.1 128,316.1 146,910.3 144,298.8 123,330.5 1 2 2 3 2 2 3 3 15.6 3 1.5 9
Myanmar 2,118.1 1,843.3 1,933.0 1,632.9 2,115.5 2,789.1 3,794.9 3,849.9 5 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 -4.5 7 18.7 2
Philippines 35,426.5 37,496.5 44,039.2 47,418.2 51,773.7 55,513.7 56,645.6 45,533.9 3 4 5 5 5 6 6 6 11.5 4 -0.8 10
Singapore 116.336.4 136,216.3 173,541.7 200,162.8 238,482.0 263,154.9 230,760.3 245,784.7 n.a. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 n.a. n.a. 4.2 7
Thailand 62,729.9 75,759.4 95,304.8 117,990.9 127,108.8 139,965.7 177,567.5 133,769.6 2 3 3 2 3 3 2 2 23.3 1 2.5 8
Viet Nam no data no data 31,828.4 32,593.9 40,236.8 61,693.6 79,579.2 69,230.9 n.a. n.a. 6 6 6 5 5 5 n.a. n.a. 16.3 3

* Still no data for 2010 and 2011

Country Foreign direct investments infow (in US$ million) 2/ Rank a/ Annualized growth rate
of FDI inflow
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 p/ 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2002-2004 Rank 2005-2010 Rank
Brunei Darussalam 1,035.30 3,123.00 212 288.5 433.5 260.2 239.2 369.7 247.9 6 3 8 8 8 9 9 9 8 -54.7 10 -3.0 4
Cambodia 145.1 84 131.4 381.2 483.2 867.3 815.2 530.2 313.5 8 8 9 7 7 7 7 8 7 -4.8 7 -3.8 5
Indonesia 144.9 -596.1 1,894.50 8,336.00 4,913.80 6,928.30 8,339.80 4,876.8 6,243.9 9 10 4 2 4 4 3 4 2 261.6 1 -5.6 7
Lao PDR 25.4 19.5 16.9 27.7 187.4 323.5 227.8 318.6 100.6 10 9 10 10 10 8 10 10 9 -18.4 8 29.4 1
Malaysia 3,203.40 2,473.20 4,623.90 4,063.60 6,059.70 8,401.20 8,053.00 1,381.0 3,313.0 3 4 3 4 3 3 4 6 5 20.1 4 -4.0 6
Myanmar 191.4 291.2 251.1 235.9 427.8 257.7 714.8 578.6 no data 7 7 7 9 9 10 8 7 n.a. 14.5 6 n.a. n.a.
Philippines 1,542.00 490.8 688 1,854.00 2,921.00 2,916.00 1,520.00 1,948.0 732.0 4 6 6 6 5 6 6 5 6 -33.2 9 -17.0 9
Singapore 7,200.00 11,664.00 20,052.20 14,373.20 27,681.10 31,550.30 22,801.80 16,808.9 17,341.0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 66.9 2 3.8 3
Thailand 3,335.00 5,235.00 5,862.00 8,048.10 9,459.60 11,238.10 9,834.50 4,975.6 3,511.8 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 3 4 32.6 3 -15.3 8
Viet Nam 1,200.10 1,450.10 1,610.10 2,020.80 2,400.00 6,739.00 8,050.00 7,600.0 4,310.0 5 5 5 5 6 5 5 2 3 15.8 5 16.4 2

* Still no data for 2011

Country Unemployment rate 2/ Rank a/
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Brunei Darussalam 3.5 4.4 3.5 4.1 4.0 3.4 3.7 4 5 4 6 4 3 4
Cambodia 1.4 1.1 0.8 0.8 no data no data no data 1 1 1 1 n.a. n.a. n.a.
Indonesia 9.1 9.6 9.9 10.3 10.3 9.1 8.4 9 9 8 10 8 8 7
Lao PDR 5.0 5.1 no data 1.3 no data no data no data 6 6 n.a. 2 n.a. n.a. n.a.
Malaysia 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.6 4 3 4 4 2 2 3
Myanmar 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 no data 5 4 5 5 4 5 n.a.
Philippines 4/ 10.2 10.2 11.0 7.5 7.4 6.2 6.8 10 10 9 9 7 7 6
Singapore 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.6 4.5 4.0 3.2 7 8 7 8 5 5 2
Thailand 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.4 2 2 2 3 1 1 1
Viet Nam 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.3 4.8 4.6 4.7 8 7 6 7 6 6 5

* Still no data for 2009 to 2011

Country Fiscal balance (government surplus/deficit) as percent of gross domestic product 2/ Rank a/
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Brunei Darussalam -3.6 8.0 9.7 18.7 22.0 15.0 32.7 -0.4 5 1 1 1 1   1   1 3
Cambodia -3.7 -3.6 -2.2 1.1 -1.5 0.6 0.1 2.4 6 6 6 2 6   3   4 1
Indonesia -1.6 -1.7 -1.3 -0.5 -1.0 -1.4 0.7 -0.6 3 4 4 4 4   5   3 4
Lao PDR -4.2 -4.4 -2.6 -4.5 -3.7 -2.6 -0.4 no data 7 7 7 9 9   8   5 n.a.
Malaysia -5.6 -5.3 -4.1 -3.6 -3.3 -3.2 -4.8 -2.8 9 9 9 8 8   9   9 5
Myanmar no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Philippines -5.4 -4.6 -3.8 -2.7 -1.0 0.2 -0.9 -3.9 8 8 8 7 & 5   4   6 6
Singapore -1.1 -1.6 -1.1 -0.3 0.5 3.2 1.5 -0.3 1 3 3 3 3   2   2 2
Thailand -1.4 0.4 0.1 -0.6 2.3 -1.7 -1.1 -4.4 2 2 2 5 2   6   7 7
Viet Nam -2.4 -2.8 -1.7 -1.6 -1.8 -2.2 -2.1 -4.6 4 5 5 6 7   7   8 8

* Still no data for 2010 to 2011

Country Tourist arrivals (in thousand) 2/ Rank a/
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Brunei Darussalam b/ 891 944 119 127 158 179 226 157 214 242 7 7 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
Cambodia 787 701 1,055 1,422 1,700 2,015 2,125 2,162 2,508 2,882 8 8 7 7 7 7 7 7 8 7
Indonesia 4,914 4,371 5,321 5,002 4,871 5,506 6,429 6,324 7,003 7,650 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Lao PDR 736 636 895 1,095 1,215 1,624 2,005 2,008 2,513 2,724 9 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 8
Malaysia 13,292 10,577 15,703 16,431 18,472 20,236 22,052 23,646 24,577 24,714 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Myanmar 217 597 657 660 653 732 661 763 792 816 10 10 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
Philippines 1,933 1,907 2,291 2,623 2,688 3,092 3,139 3,017 3,520 3,917 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
Singapore 7,567 6,127 8,375 8,942 9,752 10,288 10,116 9,681 11,639 13,171 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
Thailand 10,799 10,082 11,737 11,517 13,822 14,464 14,597 14,150 15,936 19,098 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Viet Nam 2,628 2,429 2,928 3,468 3,583 4,150 4,254 3,772 5,050 6,014 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

Notes:
a/ 1=highest/best, 10=lowest/worst
b/ Starting 2004, Brunei Darussalam implemented new methodology in collecting tourist arrival data
p/ preliminary
No data means that the information for the country is not available for the year.
n.a. (not applicable) means that the given country was not considered in the ranking due to the unavailability of data.

Sources of basic data:
1/ United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, http://esa.un.org/wpp/index.htm
2/ ASEAN Statistical Yearbook 2008, 2010, http://www.aseansec.org/22109.htm
3/ United Nations Statistics Division, http://unstats.un.org/unsd/snaama/dnllist.asp
4/ The 2002-2004 data is based on the definition provided in the Resolution No. 9, Series of 1985, issued by the then Statistical Advisory Board under NEDA while the 2005-2008 data is based on NSCB Board Resolution No. 15-2004 on the Adoption of New Definition of Unemployment.

 

Table 2. Some education indicators of ASEAN countries

A. Number of teaching staff in primary and secondary education

Country Teaching Staff in Primary Education Rank a/
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Brunei Darussalam   3,536    3,775   4,263   4,548   3,683   3,628   3,595   3,739   3,896 9 9 8 8 9 10 9 8 6
Cambodia 48,476 49,293 50,186 50,654 51,212 48,736 48,223 46,658 46,905 7 7 6 6 7 7 6 6 4
Indonesia  1,383,914 1,431,486  1,447,984  1,427,974  1,427,583  1,583,589  1,687,371  1,799,973  1,899,946 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Lao PDR 28,545 28,571 28,150 28,299 28,741 29,604 29,541 no data 31,782 8 8 7 7 8 8 7 n.a. 5
Malaysia 159,041   174,504 180,682 189,521 198,988 205,772 209,850 226,467 no data 5 5 4 4 5.0 5.0 4.0 4.0 n.a.
Myanmar 146,747   149,001 154,151 160,110 166,195 172,209 177,331 179,268 181,666 6 6 5 5 6 6 5 5 3
Philippines 362,431   371,384 376,988 373,035 375,978 390,432 no data 435,385 no data 2 2 2 2 2 2   2 n.a.
Singapore no data no data no data no data no data 14,743 15,525 16,893 no data n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 9.0 8.0 7.0 n.a.
Thailand 317,278   314,186 no data no data 319,916 321,930 347,959 no data no data 4 4 n.a. n.a. 4 4 2 n.a. n.a.
Viet Nam 354,624   358,606 362,627 360,624 353,608 344,547 344,853 345,505 347,840 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2

*Still no data for 2011

Country Teaching Staff in Secondary Education Rank a/
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Brunei Darussalam   3,453    3,765   4,137   4,350   4,255   4,274   4,439   4,601 no data 9 9 7 7 9 10 8 7 n.a.
Cambodia 21,997 23,749 no data no data 27,070 30,258 no data no data no data 7 7 n.a. n.a. 7 7 n.a. n.a. n.a.
Indonesia  1,114,798    1,115,098  1,151,624  1,281,677  1,369,424  1,434,874  1,531,383  1,550,054  1,640,533 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Lao PDR 13,296 13,771 14,257 15,891 15,987 17,110 18,117 no data no data 8 8 6 6 8 8 6 n.a. n.a.
Malaysia 129,836   141,913 148,824 153,031 154,407 166,940 178,379 186,481 no data 5 5 4 4 5.0 5.0 4.0 4.0 n.a.
Myanmar 76,150 73,062 77,004 78,144 79,837 81,943 82,001 82,204 83,703 6 6 5 5 6 6 5 5 3
Philippines 151,750   163,646 168,058 167,749 169,075 181,193 no data 194,373 no data 4 4 3 3 4 4 n.a. 3 n.a.
Singapore no data no data no data no data no data 13,686 14,128 15,560 no data n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 9.0 7.0 6.0 n.a.
Thailand 172,948   172,037 no data no data 208,812 227,929 222,799 no data no data 3 3 n.a. n.a. 3 3 3 n.a. n.a.
Viet Nam 334,219   362,147 390,778 415,579 438,624 451,165 461,663 469,081 474,345 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

*Still no data for 2011

B. Gross enrolment ratio in primary and secondary education

Country Gross Enrolment Ratio in Primary Education Rank a/
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Brunei Darussalam 112 116 117 117 117 117 114 111 108 2 2 2 2 2 3 5 4 5
Cambodia 125 128 130 130 130 129 126 126 127 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Indonesia 110 111 111 112 112 116 116 117 118 3 3 4 4 5 4 4 3 4
Lao PDR 109 111 113 114 116 118 121 no data 126 4 3 3 3 3 2 2 n.a. 2
Malaysia 95 95 97 96 no data no data no data no data no data 9 9 9 9 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Myanmar 106 110 111 112 114 116 120 122 126 6 5 4 4 4 4 3 2 2
Philippines 109 109 108 107 105 105 105 106 no data 4 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 n.a.
Singapore no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Thailand 98 97 99 98 96 95 93 91 no data 8 8 7 8 8 8 8 7 n.a.
Viet Nam 102 100 99 99 100 102 104 104 106 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 6 6

*Still no data for 2011

Country Gross Enrolment Ratio in Secondary Education Rank a/
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Brunei Darussalam 92 93 96 100 102 102 104 107 110 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Cambodia 23 27 31 35 39 42 44 45 46 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 8 7
Indonesia 56 60 62 61 64 71 70 75 77 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 2
Lao PDR 40 42 44 45 44 44 45 no data 47 8 7 8 8 8 8 8   6
Malaysia 67 72 74 70 70 69 69 68 no data 4 3 4 5 5 6 6 6 n.a.
Myanmar 42 42 46 47 50 50 53 53 54 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 5
Philippines 80 82 84 84 82 82 83 85 no data 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 n.a.
Singapore no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Thailand 64 64 66 71 71 75 75 76 77 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 3 2
Viet Nam 69 72 75 77 77 78 77 76 77 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2

*Still no data for 2011

C. Net enrolment ratio in primary and secondary education

Country Net Enrolment Ratio in Primary Education Rank a/
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Brunei Darussalam no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Cambodia no data 96 no data no data 95 97 96 no data 96 n.a. 1 n.a. n.a. 1 1 2 n.a. 3
Indonesia 91 91 92 92 95 95 96 95 96 3 3 2 2 1 2 2 2 3
Lao PDR 79 81 82 83 84 86 89 no data 97 5 5 4 5 6 5 5   2
Malaysia 95 95 97 96 no data no data no data no data no data 1 2 1 1 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Myanmar no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Philippines 90 91 90 89 88 87 88 88 no data 4 3 3 4 5 4 6 4 n.a.
Singapore no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Thailand no data no data no data no data 94 92 91 90 no data n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 3 3 4 3 n.a.
Viet Nam 93 no data no data 92 93 no data 99 99 98 2 n.a. n.a. 2 4 n.a. 1 1 1

*Still no data for 2011

Country Net Enrolment Ratio in Secondary Education Rank a/
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Brunei Darussalam no data no data no data 91 94 94 95 97 no data n.a. n.a. n.a. 1 1 1 1 1 n.a.
Cambodia 22 26 no data no data 31 35 no data no data no data 6 6 n.a. n.a. 8 8 n.a. n.a. n.a.
Indonesia no data 53 55 56 59 66 65 65 67 n.a. 3 3 4 5 4 4 4 2
Lao PDR 31 34 36 36 35 36 37 no data 40 5 5 5 6 7 7 7 n.a. 4
Malaysia 67 72 73 70 70 69 69 68 no data 1 1 1 2 2 3 3 3 n.a.
Myanmar 38 38 43 44 46 47 50 50 51 4 4 4 5 6 6 6 6 3
Philippines 55 58 60 59 60 60 61 62 no data 3 2 2 3 4 5 5 5 n.a.
Singapore no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Thailand no data no data no data no data 67 70 71 73 72 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 3 2 2 2 1
Viet Nam 65 no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data 2 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

*Still no data for 2011

Note:
a/ 1=highest/best, 10=lowest/worst
No data means that the information for the country is not available for the year.
n.a. - not applicable

Source of basic data:
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco/ReportFolders/ReportFolders.aspx?IF_ActivePath=P,50&IF_Language=eng

 

 

Table 3. Some human development indicators

Country Human Development Index HDI Rank a/
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Brunei Darussalam 0.818 0.872 0.867 0.866 0.871 0.830 0.834 0.835 0.834 0.835 0.837 0.838 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Cambodia 0.438 0.556 0.568 0.571 0.583 0.491 0.501 0.508 0.513 0.513 0.518 0.523 9 8 8 9 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9
Indonesia 0.543 0.682 0.692 0.697 0.711 0.572 0.579 0.591 0.598 0.607 0.613 0.617 6 7 6 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
Lao PDR 0.448 0.525 0.534 0.545 0.553 0.484 0.491 0.500 0.507 0.514 0.520 0.524 8 10 10 10 10 9 9 9 9 8 8 8
Malaysia 0.705 0.790 0.793 0.796 0.805 0.738 0.742 0.746 0.750 0.752 0.758 0.761 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
Myanmar 0.380 0.549 0.551 0.578 0.581 0.436 0.448 0.459 0.468 0.474 0.479 0.483 10 9 9 8 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
Philippines 0.602 0.751 0.753 0.758 0.763 0.622 0.624 0.630 0.635 0.636 0.641 0.644 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
Singapore 0.801 0.884 0.902 0.907 0.916 0.835 0.843 0.850 0.855 0.856 0.864 0.866 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Thailand 0.626 0.768 0.768 0.778 0.784 0.656 0.661 0.670 0.672 0.673 0.680 0.682 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Viet Nam 0.528 0.688 0.691 0.704 0.709 0.561 0.568 0.575 0.580 0.584 0.590 0.593 7 6 7 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7

 

Country Adult Literacy Rate Rank a/
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2008 2009 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2008 2009
Brunei Darussalam no data 91.6 93.9 92.7 92.7 no data no data no data 95.3 n.a. 5 1 1 1 n.a. n.a. n.a. 1
Cambodia no data 68.7 69.4 73.6 73.6 no data no data 77.6 no data n.a. 9 9 9 9 n.a. n.a. 3 n.a.
Indonesia no data 87.3 87.9 87.9 90.4 no data 92 92.2 no data n.a. 7 7 8 5 n.a. 1 2 n.a.
Lao PDR 69.6 65.6 66.4 68.7 68.7 72.7 no data no data no data 7 10 10 10 10 2 n.a. n.a. n.a.
Malaysia 88.7 87.9 88.7 88.7 88.7 no data no data no data 92.5 6 6 6 7 8 n.a. n.a. n.a. 4
Myanmar 89.9 85.0 85.3 89.7 89.9 no data no data no data 92.0 5 8 8 6 7 n.a. n.a. n.a. 5
Philippines 92.6 95.1 92.6 92.6 92.6 no data no data 95.4 no data 1 2 2 2 2 n.a. n.a. 1 n.a.
Singapore 92.5 92.5 92.5 92.5 92.5 no data no data no data 94.7 3 4 4 4 4 n.a. n.a. n.a. 2
Thailand 92.6 95.7 92.6 92.6 92.6 93.5 no data no data no data 1 1 2 2 2 1 n.a. n.a.  
Viet Nam 90.2 92.7 90.3 90.3 90.3 no data no data no data 92.8 4 3 5 5 6 n.a. n.a. n.a. 3

 

Country Life Expectancy At Birth Life Expectancy At Birth Rank a/
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Brunei Darussalam 76.1 76.1 76.2 76.4 76.6 77.2 77.3 77.5 77.6 77.7 77.9 78.0 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Cambodia 57.6 57.4 57.4 56.2 56.5 60.1 60.7 61.2 61.7 62.2 62.7 63.1 10 8 8 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
Indonesia 65.7 66.2 66.6 66.8 67.2 67.1 67.4 67.8 68.1 68.5 68.9 69.4 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 6 6 6 6 6
Lao PDR 61.4 53.9 54.3 54.7 55.1 64.5 65.1 65.7 66.2 66.7 67.1 67.5 9 10 10 10 10 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
Malaysia 72.1 72.8 73.0 73.2 73.4 72.9 73.1 73.3 73.5 73.7 74.0 74.2 4 3 3 3 3 5 5 5 5 5 4 4
Myanmar 61.9 57.0 57.2 60.2 60.5 62.9 63.2 63.5 63.8 64.2 64.7 65.2 8 9 9 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
Philippines 66.8 69.5 69.8 70.4 70.7 67.4 67.6 67.8 68.0 68.2 68.5 68.7 6 4 4 5 5 6 6 6 7 7 7 7
Singapore 78.7 77.8 78.0 70.0 78.9 80.0 80.3 80.5 80.7 80.8 81.0 81.1 1 1 1 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Thailand 72.5 68.9 69.1 78.7 70.3 73.2 73.4 73.5 73.6 73.8 74.0 74.1 3 5 5 1 6 4 4 4 4 4 4 5
Viet Nam 72.0 68.6 69.0 70.5 70.8 73.8 74.1 74.3 74.5 74.7 75.0 75.2 5 6 6 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

 

Country Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) MMR Rank a/ Under-five Mortality Ratio U5MR Rank a/
2000 2001 2002 2005 2008 2000 2001 2002 2005 2008 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2007 2008 2009 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2007 2008 2009
Brunei Darussalam 24 0 0 23 21 2 1 1 2 2 8 6 6 6 9 7 7 7 7 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3
Cambodia 470 440 440 350 290 9 9 9 9 9 106 138 138 140 141 96 91 90 88 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
Indonesia 350 380 380 270 240 8 8 8 8 8 56 45 45 41 38 46 42 41 39 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
Lao PDR 790 650 530 650 580 10 10 10 10 10 86 100 100 91 83 70 64 61 59 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
Malaysia 39 41 30 34 31 3 3 3 3 3 10 8 8 7 12 8 7 6 6 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2
Myanmar 290 230 230 250 240 7 7 7 7 8 85 109 109 107 106 77 74 73 71 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
Philippines 120 170 170 110 94 6 6 6 6 6 38 38 38 36 34 35 34 34 33 6 6 5 6 6 6 6 6 6
Singapore 15 6 6 10 9 1 2 2 1 1 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Thailand 63 44 36 51 48 4 4 4 4 4 20 28 28 26 21 16 15 14 14 4 4 4 5 4 4 4 4 4
Viet Nam 91 95 95 66 56 5 5 5 5 5 29 38 39 23 23 26 25 24 24 5 6 6 4 5 5 5 5 5

Note:
a/ 1=highest/best, 10=lowest/worst
No data means that the information for the country is not available for the year.
n.a. (not applicable) means that the given country was not considered in the ranking due to the unavailability of data.

Source of basic data: United Nations Development Programme, http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/tables/

 

Table 4. Some information and communications technology (ICT) indicators

A. Mobile-cellular subscriptions

Country Mobile-cellular Subscriptions Rank a/
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Brunei Darussalam 153,647 177,365 202,454 232,900 301,400 366,138 398,857 412,882 435,104 443,161 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 10 10 10
Cambodia 380,000 498,388 861,500 1,062,000 1,721,650 2,583,318 4,237,000 6,268,000 8,150,764 10,000,000 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 6 6
Indonesia 11,700,000 18,495,251 30,336,607 46,909,972 63,803,015 93,386,881 140,578,243 163,676,961 211,290,235 236,799,493 2 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Lao PDR 55,160 112,275 204,191 657,528 1,009,565 1,478,409 2,022,133 3,234,642 4,003,395 5,480,851 9 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
Malaysia 9,053,000 11,124,000 14,611,000 19,545,000 19,463,722 23,347,000 27,713,000 30,144,000 33,859,000 36,661,261 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5
Myanmar 47,982 66,517 92,452 128,700 214,214 247,641 367,388 502,005 594,000 1,243,619 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 9 9 9
Philippines 15,383,001 22,509,560 32,935,875 34,778,995 42,868,911 57,344,815 68,117,167 75,586,646 79,895,646 87,256,359 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 3
Singapore 3,313,000 3,577,000 3,990,700 4,384,600 4,788,600 5,924,100 6,414,800 6,879,800 7,384,600 7,755,200 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7
Thailand 10,171,550 21,828,181 27,378,659 31,136,541 40,723,181 52,973,994 61,837,164 65,952,313 71,624,172 78,667,910 3 2 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4
Viet Nam 1,902,388 2,742,000 4,960,000 9,593,200 18,892,480 45,024,048 74,872,310 98,223,980 111,570,201 127,318,045 6 6 5 5 5 4 2 2 2 2

 

Country Mobile-cellular Subscriptions per 100 individuals Rank a/
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Brunei Darussalam 45 51 57 64 81 97 104 105 109 109 2 2 3 3 2 2 2 4 4 5
Cambodia 3 4 7 8 13 19 31 45 58 70 7 7 7 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
Indonesia 5 8 14 21 28 40 60 69 88 98 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 6 6
Lao PDR 1 2 4 11 17 25 34 53 65 87 9 9 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
Malaysia 37 44 57 75 73 86 101 108 119 127 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3
Myanmar 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 3 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
Philippines 19 27 39 41 49 65 76 82 86 92 4 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 7 7
Singapore 82 88 96 103 109 129 134 139 145 149 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Thailand 16 33 41 47 61 78 91 96 104 113 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 4
Viet Nam 2 3 6 12 22 53 87 113 127 143 8 8 8 7 7 6 5 2 2 2

 

B. Fixed telephone subscriptions

Country Fixed Telephone Subscriptions Rank a/
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Brunei Darussalam 81,280 81,925 83,100 83,890 80,176 79,554 80,786 80,549 79,901 79,839 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 10 10
Cambodia 35,419 31,379 32,180 32,971 25,648 37,529 43,100 54,200 358,850 530,000 10 10 10 9 10 10 10 10 8 7
Indonesia 7,750,035 8,058,139 10,376,381 13,507,830 14,820,733 19,529,507 30,378,071 34,807,420 40,928,897 38,617,480 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Lao PDR 61,910 69,760 75,000 90,806 92,151 94,828 127,799 100,228 103,102 107,643 9 9 9 7 8 8 8 8 9 9
Malaysia 4,669,903 4,571,561 4,446,265 4,365,647 4,342,100 4,350,000 4,514,000 4,524,000 4,573,000 4,242,896 3 3 4 3 4 4 4 5 5 5
Myanmar 342,317 362,976 424,871 503,930 571,293 464,090 504,445 444,265 493,314 521,067 7 7 7 6 7 7 7 7 7 8
Philippines 3,310,933 3,340,000 3,437,491 3,367,252 3,633,188 3,940,082 4,076,140 6,783,372 6,783,372 6,782,143 5 5 5 4 5 5 5 4 4 3
Singapore 1,927,200 1,889,500 1,857,000 1,844,400 1,853,500 1,861,800 1,876,000 1,925,600 1,996,100 2,016,900 6 6 6 5 6 6 6 6 6 6
Thailand 6,557,023 6,632,409 6,811,615 7,034,662 7,071,633 7,024,049 7,394,349 7,204,936 6,924,844 6,720,165 2 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 4
Viet Nam 3,929,140 4,402,000 10,124,899 no data 8,567,520 11,165,617 14,767,629 17,427,365 14,374,438 10,174,849 4 4 2 n.a. 2 2 2 2 2 2

 

Country Fixed Telephone Subscriptions per 100 individuals Rank a/
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Brunei Darussalam 24 23 23 23 22 21 21 21 20 20 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Cambodia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 4 10 10 10 9 10 10 10 10 8 8
Indonesia 4 4 5 6 6 8 13 15 17