Philippine Standard Classification of Education(PSCED)

PSCED

EXPLANATORY NOTES

1. Different levels of education in the Philippines
2. Scope and coverage of the different levels of education
3. Ideal age composition by level of education
4. Stages of Philippine education classification system
5. Nine broad groups introduced in the 2008 PSCEd (based on 1997 ISCEd)
6. Appropriate titles to be used for different educational programs/courses
7. Changes made in educational courses (1997 PSCEd vs 2008 PSCEd)
8. Selected terms used in the 2008 PSCEd

9. Acronyms

1. Different levels of education in the Philippines:

Level 0 - pre-primary/pre-school education

Level 1 - primary/elementary or first stage of basic education

Level 2 - secondary/high school or second stage of basic education

Level 4 - post-secondary non-tertiary/technical-vocational education

Level 5 - first stage of tertiary/baccalaureate education

Level 6 - second stage of tertiary/post-graduate education

2. Scope and coverage of the different levels of education: [back to top]

Level 0 - those enrollees/graduates of pre-primary/pre-school education, i.e., nursery, kindergarten, preparatory

Level 1 - those enrollees/graduates of primary/elementary education, i.e., Grades I to VII 

Level 2 - those enrollees/graduates of secondary/high school education, i.e., First Year to Fourth Year High School 

Level 4 - those enrollees/graduates of 3-month to 3-year technical-vocational education courses

Level 5 - those enrollees/graduates of baccalaureate courses

Level 6 - those enrollees/graduates of post-graduate courses  

3. Ideal age composition by level of education: [back to top]

Pre-Primary/Pre-School Education (Level 0)  - ages from 3 to 5 years old

Primary/Elementary Education (Level 1) - ages from 6 to 11 years old

Secondary/High School Education (Level 2) - ages from 12 to 15 years old

Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary/Technical-Vocational Education (Level 4) - ages from 16 to 19 years old

Tertiary/Baccalaureate Education (Level 5) - ages from 16 to 20 years old

Tertiary/Post-Graduate Education (Level 6) - ages from 21 to 22 years old 

4. Stages of Philippine education classification system: [back to top]

Level - a stage that represents the steps of educational progression, and is represented by a 1-digit code.

Example:  Baccalaureate Degree (5)

Broad Group - an innovation made to eliminate overlapping by grouping together fields of education having similarities, and is represented by a 2-digit code. The 2-digit code assigned to a broad group shall consist of the following: the first digit refers to a level of education (for third level only - Level 4, 5 or 6), while the second digit refers to any of the single-digit code associated with the particular group of related fields.

Example:  Health and Welfare (57)

Field - an aggregation of program groups that are related in terms of level and major subject-matter or area, and is represented by a 3-digit code.

 Example:  Health (572)

Program - a selection of one or more courses, and is represented by a 5-digit code.

Example:  Programs in Nursing (57212)

Course - a planned series of learning experiences in a particular range of subject-matter or skills, and is represented by a 7-digit code.

Example:  Bachelor of Science in Nursing (5721201)

5. Nine broad groups introduced in the 2008 PSCEd (based on 1997 ISCEd): [back to top]

0    General
1    Education
2    Humanities and Arts
3    Social Sciences, Business and Law
4    Science
5    Engineering, Manufacturing and Construction
6    Agriculture
7    Health and Welfare
8    Services

6. Appropriate titles to be used for different educational programs/courses: [back to top]

Certificate - for short programs/non-degree courses

Associate - for pre-baccalaureate courses

Diploma - for post-graduate courses

7.Changes made in educational courses (1997 PSCEd vs 2008 PSCEd): [back to top]

New/Emerging - refer to courses that are not found in the 1997 PSCEd but have been added in the 2008 PSCED

Deleted/Phased out - refer to obsolete courses that are no longer offered by Higher Education Institutions (HEIs); these were not included in the 2008 PSCED

Merged/Renamed - refer to similar courses that are being offered by different schools using different titles that are combined in one standard program/course in the 2008 PSCED 

8. Selected terms used in the 2008 PSCEd: [back to top]

Adult Education - the entire body of organized educational processes, whatever the content, level and method, whether formal or otherwise, whether they prolong or replace initial education in schools, colleges and universities as well as in apprenticeship, whereby persons regarded as adults by the society to which they belong, improve their technical or professional qualifications, further develop their abilities, and enrich their knowledge with the purpose: (a) to complete a level of formal education; (b) to acquire knowledge and skills in a new field; and (c) to refresh or update their knowledge in a particular field. Source: 1997 International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED)/United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

Alternative Learning System (ALS) - a parallel learning system aimed to provide a viable alternative to the existing formal educational instruction. It encompasses both the informal and non-formal sources of knowledge and skills. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Basic Education - the education intended to meet the basic learning needs which lays the foundation on which subsequent learning can be based. It encompasses early childhood, elementary and secondary education as well as alternative learning systems for out-of-school youth and adult learners, and includes education for those with special needs. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Broad Group - an innovation made to eliminate overlapping by grouping together fields of education having similarities, and is represented by a two-digit code. The first digit refers to a level of education, while the second digit refers to any of the single-digit code associated with the particular group of related fields. Source: Technical Committee on Statistical Standards and Classifications (TCSSC)/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Certificate of Competency (COC) - a certificate issued to an individual who passed the national assessment for a single unit or cluster of units of competency leading to a national certification level. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Course - a planned series of learning experiences in a particular range of subject-matter or skills, and is represented by a seven-digit code. Source: Technical Committee on Statistical Standards and Classifications (TCSSC)/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Distance Education/Learning - a method of learning and teaching which employs print, radio, television, computer-based communications, satellite broadcasting, teleconferencing or other educational technologies which allows students to study on their own without having to regularly attend classes in conventional classrooms. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Double Degree - a program wherein students simultaneously complete two undergraduate degree programs. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Education - comprises all organized and sustained communication process designed to bring about learning. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)
 
Elementary Education - the first stage of free and compulsory, formal education primarily concerned with providing basic education and usually corresponding to six and seven grades. Elementary education can likewise be attained through alternative learning system. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)
 
Formal Education - the systematic and deliberate process of hierarchically structured and sequential learning corresponding to the general concept of elementary and secondary level of schooling.  At the end of each level, the learner needs a certification in order to enter or advance to the next level. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)
 
Field - an aggregation of program groups that are related in terms of level and major subject-matter or area, and is represented by a three-digit code. Source: Technical Committee on Statistical Standards and Classifications (TCSSC)/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Higher Education - the stage of formal education requiring secondary and post-secondary education covering the programs on: (a) all courses of study leading to bachelor's degree; and (b) all degree courses of study beyond bachelor's degree level. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) - all institutions of higher learning recognized by Commission on Higher Education (CHED), and primarily offering degree programs. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)
 
Ladderized Programme - a unified national qualification framework that establishes equivalency pathways and access ramps for easier transition and progression between technical-vocational education and training (TVET) and higher education (HE). Source: Executive Order No. 358, “To Institutionalize a Ladderized Interface between Technical-Vocational Education (TVET) and Higher Education (HE)” signed by Pres. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on September 15, 2004

Level - a stage that represents the steps of educational progression, and is represented by a one-digit code. Source: Technical Committee on Statistical Standards and Classifications (TCSSC)/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Non-Formal Education - any organized, systematic educational activity carried outside the framework of the formal system to provide selected types of learning to a segment of the population. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Post-Baccalaureate - a level of study requiring the possession of a bachelor's degree leading to the award of a one or two-year diploma/certificate program. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Post-Secondary (Non-Tertiary) Education - the stage of formal education following the secondary level covering non-degree programs that have varying duration for three months to three years, concerned primarily with developing strong and appropriately trained middle-level skilled manpower possessing capabilities supportive of national development. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Pre-Baccalaureate - a stage of post-secondary study usually ranging from one to two years leading to associate/certificate and diploma; a preparatory level of professional degree programs or part of the "ladderized" programs leading to baccalaureate programs. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Pre-School Education - an organized learning experience including play activities for children below six years old. It aims to develop the child in all aspects (physical, social, cognitive and emotional) so he/she will be better prepared for socialization and cope with the demands of formal schooling. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)
 
Primary Education - the stage of formal education concerned with providing the first six years of basic education. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Program - a selection of one or more courses, and is represented by a five-digit code. Source: Technical Committee on Statistical Standards and Classifications (TCSSC)/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Secondary Education - the stage of formal education following the elementary level concerned primarily with continuing basic education and expanding it to include the learning of employable gainful skills, usually corresponding to four years of high school. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Special Education (SPED) - the education of persons who are gifted or talented and those who have physical, mental or sensory impairment and cultural differences that require modifications of school curricula, programs and special services and physical facilities to develop them to their maximum capabilities. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Special Needs Education - the education of children and youth with special needs corresponding to elementary and secondary education that require modifications of school practices, curricula, programs, special services and facilities. These include children and youth who are gifted/talented, fast learners and those with disabilities. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Technical Education - the education process designed at post-secondary and lower tertiary levels, officially recognized as non-degree programs aimed at preparing technicians, para-professionals and other categories of middle-level workers by providing them with a broad range of general education, theoretical, scientific, artistic and technological studies, social services and related job skills training. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

Technical-Vocational Education and Training (TVET) - refers to aspects of the educational process involving, in addition to general education, the study of technologies and related sciences, and the acquisition of practical skills, attitudes, understanding and knowledge relating to occupants in various sectors of economic and social life. Sources: International Labor Organization (ILO) and United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

Training Regulations - the official document that serves as a basis in the formulation of competency assessment and the development of curriculum and instructional materials for competency-based technical education and skills development. The training regulations consist of two documents: the competency standards and the training standards. Source: Glossary of Commonly Used Terms in Education Statistics/National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)

9. Acronyms [back to top]

BAS - Bureau of Agricultural Statistics

BALS - Bureau of Alternative Learning System

BEE - Bureau of Elementary Education

BETP - Bureau of Export Trade Promotion

BLES - Bureau of Labor and Employment Statistics

BLE - Bureau of Local Employment

COMELEC - Commission on Elections

CHED - Commission on Higher Education

DA - Department of Agriculture

DepEd - Department of Education

DILG - Department of the Interior and Local Government

DOLE - Department of Labor and Employment

DOST - Department of Science and Technology

DTI - Department of Trade and Industry

ILO - International Labor Organization

ISCED - International Standard Classification of Education

NBOO - National Barangay Operations Office

NSCB - National Statistical Coordination Board

NSO - National Statistics Office

PSCED - Philippine Standard Classification of Education

SEI - Science Education Institute

TC - Tariff Commission

TCSSC - Technical Committee on Statistical Standards and Classifications

TESDA - Technical Education and Skills Development Authority

TWGEC - Technical Working Group on Education Classification

UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization